Monday, February 18, 1985

Phil Collins released No Jacket Required

First posted 3/28/2008; updated 11/24/2020.

No Jacket Required

Phil Collins

Released: February 18, 1985

Peak: 16 US, 15 UK, 18 CN, 13 AU

Sales (in millions): 12.0 US, 1.93 UK, 26.45 world (includes US and UK)

Genre: pop/mainstream rock


Song Title (Writers) [time] (date of single release, chart peaks) Click for codes to singles charts.

  1. Sussudio (1/14/85) 1 US, 10 AR, 30 AC, 8 RB, 12 UK, 10 CN, 8 AU, gold single)
  2. Only You Know and I Know
  3. Long Long Way to Go
  4. I Don’t Wanna Know (4/13/85, 42 AR)
  5. One More Night (12/30/84, 1 US, 4 AR, 1 AC, 80 RB, 4 UK, 1 CN, 2 AU, gold single)
  6. Don’t Lose My Number (4/6/85, 4 US, 33 AR, 25 AC, 11 CN, 10 AU)
  7. Who Said I Would? (2/2/91, 73 US)
  8. Doesn’t Anybody Stay Together Anymore
  9. Inside Out (3/30/85, 9 AR)
  10. Take Me Home (7/25/85, 7 US, 12 AR, 2 AC, 19 UK, 23 CN, 64 AU)
  11. We Said Hello Goodbye (4/2/88, 34 AC)

Total Running Time: 50:27


4.183 out of 5.00 (average of 12 ratings)

Quotable: --


About the Album:

Prior to 1985, Phil Collins had released two solo albums in between albums with Genesis and topped the charts with “Against All Odds” in 1984. He’d already accomplished more than most musicians could ever dream of – and then came No Jacket Required. “The record established him as a major commercial force, and as one of the most recognizable voices of the 1980s.” AMG

Newsday’s Stephen Williams said the album “was loaded with musical hooks and textured arrangements.” WK It definitely had hooks. Eight of the album’s eleven songs (on the CD version, there were only 10 songs on the cassette version) hit one chart or another, with four of those songs hitting the top-10 of the Billboard pop charts. No Jacket Required won the Grammy for Album of the Year. With more than 25 million sales worldwide, it is one of the biggest sellers of all time. Rolling Stone’s David Bricke said, it “is not an album that waits to be liked.” WK

The title of the album came out of an incident in Chicago. Collins and Robert Plant were denied entrance to the Pump Room, a restaurant with a distinct “jacket required” dress code. Collins argued that he was wearing a jacket, but he was told it was not proper. Collins said he was never so mad in his life. WK He subsequently shared the story on late night talk shows and was sent an apology from the restaurant along with a complimentary sport coat. WK

The lead single, One More Night, was a #1 hit in the U.S. It showcased his shift to “sentimental ballads [such as with “Against All Odds”] over his previous darker and more dramatic solo material.” AMG Lori E. Pike of the Los Angeles Times said of Collins’ ballads, “When he slows down and lets his smoldering moodiness take over, the effect is magical.” WK

b>Sussudio was the follow-up single in the U.S., where it also hit #1, and the lead single in the UK. The title was a nonsense word he improvised and when he tried to replace it, he decided to keep the original and crafted lyrics around it about a schoolboy crush. WK Collins has said this is the song most people sing to him when they see him on the street. WK

The song demonstrated the other side of No Jacket Required which “found Phil Collins fully embracing horn-driven pop music, drum machines.” AMG Collins said the album was “a conscious attempt to move to a more uptempo sound.” WK The sound was similar to what he’d done with previous top-ten hits “Easy Lover” and “You Can’t Hurry Love.”

The third single, Don’t Lose My Number, was written mostly during recording sessions for his first solo album, 1981’s Face Value. Stephen Holden of The New York Times described the song’s lyrics as “vague, sketching the outlines of a melodrama but withholding the full story.” WK Collins himself said he didn’t fully understand the meaning of the lyrics. WK

“The pulsating Take Me Home utilizes the drama of ‘In the Air Tonight’ on a more wistful track.” AMG The song was the fourth from the album to reach the top 10 in the U.S. Collins has said that the lyrics refer to a patient at a mental institution and that it was inspired by the novel One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest. WK

“Take Me Home” and Long Long Way to Go were both featured in episodes of Miami Vice. The latter “is one of Collins’ most effective ballads” AMG and was considered his most political song at that point in his career. WK Backup vocals were provided by Sting, who Collins met through Band Aid, the 1984 all-star gathering of British musicians who sang on the charity single “Do They Know It’s Christmas?”

“Although the major hits…quickly came to sound dated, the album contains several standout tracks…Only You Know and I Know and Inside Out…show an effective aggressive side to the singer.” AMG

Doesn’t Anybody Stay Together Anymore was Collins’ response to everyone around him getting a divorce. He sang the song at Prince Charles’ 40th birthday party, not knowing that Charles and Diana would get divorced a short time later. WK

We Said Hello Goodbye originally appeared as a B-side on “Don’t Lose My Number,” but was later added as a bonus track to the CD version of the album. A remix of the song was released on the soundtrack for the 1986 movie Playing for Keeps. Caryn James of The New York Times assessed the song as being “a straightforward comment on leaving home.” WK

In summing up the record, Holden said it “is an album bursting with soulful hooks and bright, peppy tunes. But beneath its shiny exterior, Mr. Collins’ drums and his voice carry on a disjunctive, enigmatic dialogue between heart and mind, obsession and repression.” WK Geoff Orens of All Music Guide said “it’s not a completely satisfying recording, but it is the best example of one of the most dominating and influential styles of the 1980s.” AMG

Notes: “We Said Hello Goodbye” was a bonus track on the CD version of the album. In 2016, a deluxe edition of the album included a second disc with 11 live cuts and demos of “One More Night” and “Take Me Home.”

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Sunday, February 17, 1985

Tears for Fears released Songs from the Big Chair

First posted 2/16/2012; updated 11/24/2020.

Songs from the Big Chair

Tears for Fears

Released: February 17, 1985

Charted: March 9, 1985

Peak: 15 US, 2 UK, 113 CN, 5 AU

Sales (in millions): 5.0 US, 0.9 UK, 11.3 world (includes US and UK)

Genre: synth pop

Tracks: (Click for codes to singles charts.)

  1. Shout (Roland Orzabal/Ian Stanley) [6:35] (11/19/84, 13 US, 12 CB, 13 RR, 6 AR, 1 CO, 4 UK, 12 CN, 11 AU)
  2. The Working Hour (Manny Elias/Orzabal/Stanley) [6:33]
  3. Everybody Wants to Rule the World (Chris Hughes/Orzabal/Stanley) [4:13] (3/16/85, 12 US, 12 CB, 12 RR, 12, 2 AC, 2 AR, 1 CO, 2 UK, 11 CN, 2 AU)
  4. Mother’s Talk (Orzabal/Stanley) [5:08] (8/6/84, #27 US, #14 UK, #87 CN)
  5. I Believe (Orzabal) [4:57] (9/85, #23 UK)
  6. Broken (Orzabal) [2:39]
  7. Head Over Heels/Broken (live) (Orzabal/Curt Smith) [5:24] (6/85, #3 US, #7 AR, #12 UK, #8 CN)
  8. Listen (Orzabal/Stanley) [6:52]

Total Running Time: 41:53

The Players:

  • Roland Orzabal (vocals, guitar, keyboards)
  • Curt Smith (vocals, bass)
  • Ian Stanley (keyboards)
  • Manny Elias (drums)


4.274 out of 5.00 (average of 14 ratings)

Quotable: “Arguably the finest example of epic ‘80s pop.” –


About the Album:

“Tears for Fears’ Songs from the Big Chair sits as an ‘80s music landmark;’ EA “while many of the band’s synth-pop peers continued to develop along a linear route” HE this album “heralded a dramatic maturation in the band’s music, away from the synth-pop brand with which it was (unjustly) seared following the debut, and towards a complex, enveloping pop sophistication.” AMG

“If [debut album] The Hurting was mental anguish, Songs from the Big Chair marks the progression towards emotional healing, a particularly bold sort of catharsis culled from Roland Orzabal and Curt Smith’s shared attraction to primal scream therapy.” AMG “The songwriting of Orzabal, Smith, and keyboardist Ian Stanley took a huge leap forward, drawing on reserves of palpable emotion and lovely, protracted melodies that draw just as much on soul and R&B music as they do on immediate pop hooks.” AMG “The album’s deep emotional explorations are at once uncompromising and appealingly tuneful.” EA

“Producer Chris Hughes helped push the band into a more organic” EO and “guitar oriented sound.” SM With his encouragement “Orzabal’s stronger voice takes center-stage for much of the album” HE thus “widening their emotional palette.” EO What also makes this album a classic is that “each song holds its place and each is integral to the overall tapestry, a single-minded resolve that is easy to overlook when an album is as commercially successful as Songs from the Big Chair.” AMG

With its “dramatic and insistent march,” AMG lead-off track and “moody mega–hit” EA Shout is “perfect…The sound was still synths and drum programming [but] Roland captured the energy of rock music. The song is very loud with a repetitive chorus, as well as innovative programming and much else to admire. Sounds great listened to loud.” AD Although the song “takes on the theme of catharsis that dominated The Hurting two years earlier, the progression…is manifest in every other facet.” HE

“As was Roland’s desire at the time, real instruments appear,” AD such as on The Working Hour, making for “the perfect realization of the new sound: a smooth six-minute arrangement of saxophone, piano, and guitar that’s marked by a restrained sense of drama.” HE The song is “ethereal [and full of] ambiance…particularly the drums and percussion.” SM “The gorgeous saxophone and bell-like electric keyboards that precede the Latin rhythms…conjure a daydream of heaven to distract the workingman from his woes.” DS

“The loping, percolating” AMG and “ear–friendly” EA Everybody Wants to Rule the World is among the most perfect singles of the last 20 years. Riding on a propulsive, circular beat, strong dual vocals from Smith and Orzabal convey a superior melody augmented by tinkling keyboard filigrees and tough, bristling guitar work from Orzabal and Neil Taylor,” EO the song “perfectly captured the zeitgeist of the mid-‘80s while impossibly managing to also create a dreamy, timeless pop classic.” AMG “Such a sunny, lovely…song…Lots of simple elements all put together to create something special.” AD

Like “Shout,” “the spirited,” HE “jagged,” EA and “storming” AD Mothers Talk “sounds stupendous turned up loud. There are guitars here and there, but the drum pattern, the percussion, dominates.” AD This was the first single in the UK, but only released in the US after “Everybody Wants to Rule the World,” “Shout,” and “Head Over Heels” had all been huge hits. This song works well as an album cut; it is hard to understand why it would be pushed as the lead single. Apparently, the British listeners agreed, this one stalled at #14; that seemed respectable enough, but was surely a disappointment after The Hurting’s three top ten hits.

“The torchy melancholy of I BelieveEA “is a true showcase for Roland Orzabal’s vocal abilities.” SM It “is a very serious ballad, quite soulful,” AD “and the dynamic range on the track is outstanding.” SM

After the emotive “I Believe,” we get another of the “crunch rockers” with Broken, which segues into “the shimmering, cascading,” AMG and “stadium-sized Head Over Heels.” HE The latter makes for a trifecta of “deservedly huge hits [this one and ‘Shout’ both featuring] enticing vocals singing emblematic words perched atop mid-tempo, majestic ocean liners of sound.” EO

After a live reprise of “Broken,” we head into the grand finale. “The song that surpasses all the others in terms of sound quality” SM or “sheer beauty” DS is Listen. “The incredible depth and dynamics” SM of “its cracking-glacier sound effects and airy synths, wafting operatic soprano and inscrutable chanting” DS “make this a prime candidate for showing off your stereo system.” SM “It’s a lovely surprise at the end” DS of a lovely album.

What is amazing about Songs from the Big Chair “is [that] not only [is it] a commercial triumph; it is an artistic tour de force.” AMG It “is one of the finest statements of the decade,” AMG an “enduringly resonant classic…essential for any fan of the genre” EA and “arguably the finest example of epic ‘80s pop.” HE


A 1999 reissue featured seven bonus tracks, U.S. remixes of “Mothers Talk,” and “Shout, “along with the B-sides “The Big Chair,” “Empire Building,” “The Marauders,” “Broken Revisited” and “The Conflict.” A 2006 deluxe edition included B-sides and a second disc of single remixes. In 2014, a super deluxe 6-CD/DVD version was released which included B-sides, remixes, videos, and performances.

Review Sources:

Related DMDB Page(s):

Saturday, February 16, 1985

George Michael’s “Careless Whisper” hit #1

Updated 2/13/2020.

Careless Whisper

George Michael

Writer(s): George Michael/Andrew Ridgeley (see lyrics here)

Released: July 24, 1984

First Charted: August 4, 1984

Peak: 13 US, 14 CB, 12 RR, 15 AC, 8 RB, 13 UK, 12 CN, 14 AU (Click for codes to singles charts.)

Sales (in millions): 2.0 US, 1.52 UK, 6.0 world (includes US + UK)

Airplay/Streaming (in millions): -- radio, 419.0 video, -- streaming



As half of the pop duo Wham!, George Michael quickly overshadowed Andrew Ridgeley and began planning his post-Wham! career almost as soon as the duo struck big. To that end, “Careless Whisper” was billed in the UK as a solo single by George Michael, but the U.S. credited it to Wham! featuring George Michael. BBC The song was also on Wham!’s Make It Big album. Wham! chalked up two other #1’s on the U.S. pop charts before Michael amassed seven chart-toppers on his own. This song also hit #1 in the UK, on Cashbox, and the Billboard adult contemporary chart on its way toward selling 6 million copies worldwide.

Ironically, it was one of the few songs penned by Michael and Ridgeley AMG and the latter’s “only number one as a composer.” LW They “wrote the song when they were just 17, despite George’s own admission that he ’knew nothing about romance and certainly nothing about love.’” BBC It was a fictitious story Michael thought up while boarding a bus to his job as an usher at a cinema. SF Michael told reporter Daryl Morden, “‘It’s very naïve when you listen to it, but it still stands up, even if it does sound a little immature in some ways…We made up for that, I think, by making sure the production and arrangement didn’t sound simplistic.’” BR1-602 He has also said, “‘It disappoints me that you can write a lyric very flippantly and it can mean so much to so many people.’” KL-297

It definitely did that as it “touched fans and passive listeners alike to become one of, if not the only, love songs of 1985” AMG and “one of the most enduring ballads of all time.” BBC “A simple song with with just four chords, the track’s charm lies in its mournful saxophone intro, together with George’s anguished vocals as he pleads for forgiveness from the lover he’s cheated on.” BBC “Now a last-dance staple everywhere from school discos to weddings, the irony inherent in thousands of lovestruck couples smooching to a song about infidelity appears to be lost on most people.” BBC

Resources and Related Links:

Saturday, February 9, 1985

Madonna's Like a Virgin album hit #1

First posted 3/26/2008; updated 11/28/2020.

Like a Virgin


Released: November 12, 1984

Peak: 13 US, 12 UK, 3 CN, 2 AU

Sales (in millions): 10.0 US, 1.63 UK, 26.0 world (includes US and UK)

Genre: dance pop


Song Title (Writers) [time] (date of single release, chart peaks) Click for codes to singles charts.

  1. Material Girl (2/9/85, 2 US, 3 UK, 38 AC, 49 RB)
  2. Angel (4/27/85, 4a US, 5 UK, 5 AC, 71 RB, sales: 0.5 m)
  3. Like a Virgin (11/17/84, 1 US, 3 UK, 29 AC, 9 RB, sales: 0.5 m)
  4. Over and Over
  5. Love Don’t Live Here Anymore (4/20/96, 78 US, 29 AC)
  6. Into the Groove (4/27/85, B-side of “Angel,” 1 UK, 19 RB) *
  7. Dress You Up (8/17/85, 3a US, 5 UK, 32 AC, 64 RB)
  8. Shoo-Bee-Doo
  9. Pretender
  10. Stay

* not on original album

Total Running Time: 43:10


3.964 out of 5.00 (average of 34 ratings)

Awards: (Click on award to learn more).

About the Album:

Madonna’s first album certainly wasn’t shabby – it produced two top 10 hits (“Borderline,” “Lucky Star”) and a top 20 hit (“Holiday”) – but it was her second album which made her a superstar. In the history of pop music, there haven’t been many runs as successful as Madonna’s 1984-1985 chart presence. Interspersed between Like a Virgin’s four top 5 hits were two more major Madonna songs from soundtracks – the #1 “Crazy for You” from Vision Quest and the would’ve-been #1 Into the Groove from Desperately Seeking Susan had it been officially released. Alas, it was only released as the B-side of “Angel” in the U.S., but it was Madonna’s first #1 UK hit and later included on Like a Virgin.

“She saw the opening for this kind of explosion and seized it, bringing in former Chic guitarist Nile Rodgers in as a producer, to help her expand her sound, and then carefully constructed her image as an ironic, ferociously sexy Boy Toy; the Steven Meisel-shot cover, capturing her as a buxom bride with a Boy Toy belt buckle on the front, and dressing after a night of passion, was as key to her reinvention as the music itself.” STE

“Yet, there’s no discounting the best songs on the record, the moments when her grand concepts are married to music that transcends the mere classification of dance-pop.” STE The album’s success owes itself “principally to two gimmicky hits: the sinuous Like a Virgin, with its taboo-busting metaphor for that fresh, clean new-love feeling, and the cutesy, Betty-Boopsy Material Girl.” KB These are “the two songs that made her an icon, and the two songs that remain definitive statements.” STE

These were also the songs responsible for sending the album to #1. The week that Like a Virgin ascended to the throne, the title cut was still in the top 10 after a six-week run at the top. Meanwhile, “Material Girl” was just beginning its run, degbuting on the chart at #43. It would peak at #2 six weeks later. That pair of singles “overshadow the rest of the record, not just because they are a perfect match of theme and sound, but because the rest of the album vacillates wildly in terms of quality.” STE

Of course, that all depends on point-of-view. Another opinion is that “most of the rest of the album, although similarly frothy, is superior to those warhorses, notably the irresistible LP tracks Over and Over, and Pretender – which adds a bit of gossamer delicacy to the mandatory bounciness.” KB

“The other two singles, Angel and Dress You Up, are excellent standard-issue dance-pop.” STE The latter “is a Madonna classic, an insubstantial dance-pop delight bedecked in synthesized bells and replete to the beat with kinky suggestions.” KB

“The earnest cover of Rose Royce’s Love Don’t Live Here AnymoreSTE offers “a sign of greater depth to come” KB with “a heartfelt vocal supported by a subtle, gorgeous arrangement helmed by producer Nile Rodgers and his two key Chic instrumental compatriots, Bernard Edwards and Tony Thompson.” KB

However, if you go back to the first opinion expressed here, then the album overall “adds up to less than the sum of its parts – partially because the singles are so good, but also because on the first album, she stunned with style and a certain joy. Here, the calculation is apparent, and while that’s part of Madonna's essence – even something that makes her fun – it throws the record’s balance off a little too much for it to be consistent, even if it justifiably made her a star.” STE

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Saturday, February 2, 1985

Foreigner hit #1 with “I Want to Know What Love Is”

First posted 11/26/2020; updated 3/16/2021.

I Want to Know What Love Is


Writer(s): Mick Jones (see lyrics here)

Released: November 13, 1984

First Charted: December 7, 1984

Peak: 12 US, 11 CN, 12 RR, 3 AC, 85 RB, 11 AR, 13 UK, 13 CN, 15 AU (Click for codes to singles charts.)

Sales (in millions): 2.0 US, 0.6 UK, 2.6 world (includes US + UK)

Airplay/Streaming (in millions): -- radio, 108.0 video, -- streaming

Awards: (Click on award for more details).

About the Song:

Prior to “I Want to Know What Love Is,” Foreigner had never hit #1. They came close – in 1978 “Double Vision” made it to the runner-up spot and “Waiting for a Girl Like You” spent a whopping 10 weeks at #2 in 1981/1982. The latter was a ballad, not the typical fare for a group who’d built its following based on its classic rock hits. It made the group a little leary of releasing the “balladish” “I Want to Know What Love Is.” As guitarist Mick Jones said, “That was the one thing I was sort of dubious about – the fact that people might think we’d gone soft or something.” BR1

However, as Jones said, that “the song was so strong, and because it was coming out at Christmas, and it had the right kind of mood.” BR1 The group didn’t all agree. Bassist Rick Wills called the tune “fluffy” and singer Lou Gramm said, “We worried that it might do irreparable damage to our rock image.” BR1 Not everyone had that reaction, though. Ahmet Ertegun, the head the band’s label Atlantic, cried when he heard the song. SF

The song also featured backing vocals from the New Jersey Mass Choir (the first gospel choir to appear on a #1 pop hit), SF keyboard work from Tom Bailey of the Thompson Twins, and Jennifer Holliday, the star from the Broadway musical Dreamgirls. the New Jersey Mass Choir released its own version of the song and hit #37 on the R&B chart. In 1998, Tina Arena recorded the song with an extended bridge written by Jones and it was a hit in Europe. WK In 2004, Wynonna Judd took the song to #14 on the adult contemporary chart; Mariah Carey went to #10 on the same chart in 2009. WK

Resources and Related Links:

  • DMDB encyclopedia entry for Foreigner
  • DMDB page for parent album Agent Provocateur
  • BR1 Fred Bronson (2003). The Billboard Book of Number One Hits (5th edition). Billboard Books: New York, NY. Page 601.
  • SF Songfacts
  • WK Wikipedia