Monday, February 28, 1983

U2’s War released



Released: February 28, 1983

Peak: 12 US, 11 UK, 4 CN, 9 AU

Sales (in millions): 4.0 US, 0.6 UK, 11.7 world (includes US and UK)

Genre: college rock


Song Title [time] (date of single release, chart peaks) Click for codes to singles charts.

  1. Sunday Bloody Sunday [4:38] (3/21/83, 7 AR)
  2. Seconds [3:24]
  3. New Year’s Day [5:38] (1/22/83, 53 US, 2 AR, 10 UK, 41 CN, 36 AU)
  4. Like a Song… [4:48]
  5. Drowning Man [4:12]
  6. The Refugee [3:40]
  7. Two Hearts Beat As One [5:00] (4/2/83, 12 AR, 18 UK, 53 AU)
  8. Red Light [4:09]
  9. Surrender [6:01] (7/16/83, 27 AR)
  10. 40 [2:08]

All songs written by U2.

Total Running Time: 42:03

The Players:

  • Bono (vocals, guitar)
  • The Edge (guitar, backing vocals, piano, bass)
  • Adam Clayton (bass)
  • Larry Mullen, Jr. (drums, percussion)


4.207 out of 5.00 (average of 18 ratings)

Quotable: “U2 always aimed at greatness, but War was the first time they achieved it” – Stephen Thomas Erlewine, All Music Guide

Awards: (Click on award to learn more).

About the Album:

“The final album of U2’s early period, before the group broadened its sonic palette and lyrical vision, War is a brilliantly conflicted album, sounding martial and majestic while its very purpose is to tear down false idols propped up by politics.” DD “Blowing away the fuzzy, sonic indulgences of October with propulsive, martial rhythms and shards of guitar, War bristles with anger, despair, and above all, passion. Previously, Bono’s attempts at messages came across as grandstanding, but his vision becomes remarkably clear on this record.” STE

“Opening with the ominous, fiery protest of Sunday Bloody Sunday, War immediately announces itself as U2’s most focused and hardest-rocking album to date.” STE That song and "40" take the subject of Ireland’s troubles head-on.” DDNew Year's Day “is about a sundered love relationship symbolic of a greater division. ‘Torn in two, we can be one,’ Bono pleads, as Edge’s guitar scratches and snarls behind him.” DD

Anthems such as those and “Seconds are balanced by effective, surprisingly emotional love songs [such as] Two Hearts Beat as OneSTE “and the delicate Drowning Man,” DD “which are just as desperate and pleading as [Bono’s] protests.” STE’s Daniel Durchholz claims these “take a back seat here, but they help make War a compelling and well-rounded album.” DD Bono “performs the difficult task of making the universal sound personal, and the band helps him out by bringing the songs crashing home with muscular, forceful performances that reveal their varied, expressive textures upon repeated listens. U2 always aimed at greatness, but War was the first time they achieved it.” STE

Notes: A Deluxe Edition released in 2008 added a second disc of “b-sides, live tracks and rarities. Also includes a 32 page booklet with previously unseen photos, full lyrics, new liner notes by Niall Stokes, and explanatory notes on the bonus material by The Edge.” AZ

Tracks on second disc include “Endless Deep,” “Treasure (Whatever Happened to Pete the Chop),” “Angels Too Tied to the Ground,” four remixes of “New Year’s Day,” another three of “Two Hearts Beat As One,” and live versions of “I Threw a Brick Through a Window/ A Day Without Me” and “Fire.”

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First posted 3/23/2008; last updated 8/13/2021.

Saturday, February 26, 1983

Michael Jackson hit #1 with Thriller for 1st of 37 weeks

First posted 2/24/2012; updated 12/1/2020.


Michael Jackson

Released: November 30, 1982

Charted: December 11, 1982

Peak: 137 US, 18 UK, 113 CN, 111 AU

Sales (in millions): 33.0 US, 4.27 UK, 72.40 world (includes US and UK)

Genre: pop/R&B

Tracks: (Click for codes to singles charts.)

  1. Wanna Be Startin’ Somethin’ (Michael Jackson) [6:02] (5/27/83, 5 US, 6 CB, 2 RR, 5 RB, 8 UK, 1 CN, 25 AU, sales: 1.2 million)
  2. Baby Be Mine(Rod Temperton) [4:20]
  3. The Girl Is Mine (Michael Jackson) [3:41] (with Paul McCartney, 10/18/82, 2 US, 3 CB, 4 RR, 1 RB, 1 AC, 8 UK, 8 CN, 4 AU, sales: 1 million, airplay: 1 million)
  4. Thriller (Rod Temperton) [5:57] (11/19/83, 4 US, 4 CB, 11 RR, 24 AC, 3 RB, 42 AR, 10 UK, 3 CN, 3 AU, sales: 9.52 million)
  5. Beat It (Michael Jackson) [4:18] (2/26/83, 13 US, 12 CB, 11 RR, 11 RB, 14 AR, 3 UK, 13 CN, 2 AU, sales: 7.95 million)
  6. Billie Jean (Michael Jackson) [4:54] (1/22/83, 17 US, 16 CB, 12 RR, 9 AC, 19 RB, 11 UK, 12 CN, 15 AU, sales: 9.5 million)
  7. Human Nature (Steve Porcaro/John Bettis) [4:07] (7/3/83, 7 US, 10 CB, 2 RR, 2 AC, 27 RB, 11 CN, 63 AU, sales: 1 million)
  8. P.Y.T. (Pretty Young Thing) (James Ingram/Quincy Jones) [3:58] (9/19/83, 10 US, 15 CB, 10 RR, 37 AC, 46 RB, 11 UK, 17 CN, 40 AU, sales: 2.25 million)
  9. The Lady in My Life (Rod Temperton) [4:59]

Total Running Time: 42:19


4.471 out of 5.00 (average of 23 ratings)

Quotable: “It has become the foundation for every single piece of pop-music released since the 1980s.” – Jason Mendelsohn, PopMatters

Awards: (Click on award to learn more).

About the Album:

Thriller brought Michael Jackson a level of fame that no human should ever have to endure.” EK That, along with “his posthumous beatification has made it just as impossible to be realistic about this album.” EK “A better title for this would’ve been Monster.” VB

However, in its day, Thriller was the album that gave MJ “artistic acclaim and monumental commercial success, and nothing seemed beyond his reach: music, videos, live performances, movies.” BN It was “a time when his music spoke for itself;” RV “when Jackson declared himself the King of Pop, everyone agreed.” RV

It was, of course, Thriller that gave Jackson the credentials for such a declaration. Even though previous album “Off the Wall was a massive success, spawning four Top Ten hits (two of them number ones)” AMG and selling 7 million copies, it was with Thriller that “the Jackson 5 pipsqueak emerge[d] as an unstoppable star.” UT From the opening track, the album “brings all the promise that Jackson demonstrated from the moment he walked away from his brothers to fruition.” EK One “can still hear glimpses of the astonishing little boy who took all the lessons he learned at the feet of the Apollo Theater masters and turned them into something new.” EK “He establishes himself as the funk-pop heir apparent to Stevie Wonder (who had basically abdicated by that time).” EK For good or bad, “almost as soon as Thriller arrived, that little boy was gone.” EK

Jackson didn’t just emerge as a star in his own right; the influence of his “mature, feisty and hit-laden pop set helmed by Quincy Jones” UT “on the record industry and subsequent popular music is immeasurable.” NRR “Jackson’s keen pop sensibilities” NRR “elevated the concept of the all-conquering, blockbuster album to reality…After Thriller, the industry initiated a super-league which only a precious few can aspire to, and which…recording artists had seldom glimpsed before.” WR “The magnitude of its success was simply unimaginable;” AMG it “stayed on the charts, turning out singles, for nearly two years because it was really, really good.” AMG In fact, seven of the album’s nine cuts went top ten on the U.S. pop charts, including two #1’s, three platinum singles, and a fourth single that went gold. The album has sold more than 50 million copies worldwide, making it the biggest selling album of all time (although it does periodically trade that title off with the Eagles Greatest Hits 1971-1975 collection).

“After so much world-wide exposure, it remains a playable record,” WR “a big, bold, glossy, and gripping tour de force that consumed the pop world.” BN “Put it on right now and you’ll be amazed at how easily the most frightening public image of the late 20th century melts away.” TL “There's no whining about celebrity, no messiah complex, just nine immensely catchy tracks.” TL

“It never failed to make you move…More than a cavalcade of justly deserved hits, [it] was an album that…almost everyone could favorably agree on; it had a luxurious production…and the most expensive studio talent that money could buy, yet it never sounded manufactured or contrived.” BN

However, detractors – most notably Eric Klinger and Jason Mendelsohn in the excellent PopMatters’ “Counterbalance” series – say that “sonically Thriller is forever locked in its time;” EK that as you put the album on, “you are acutely aware of when this album was made. It’s like, ‘BLAM! Welcome to 1982! We have drum machines!’ There aren’t too many highly regarded albums where you can narrow down the release date to within three years almost immediately.” JM

Mendelsohn says he is immediately struck “by is the high level of production values” and that “these songs – this entire album – sounds perfect.” JM However, rather than that being a compliment, he says the result is an “overly-groomed quality to the whole listening experience that I find slightly unnerving.” JM He says it feels “like most of this album has been faked, a sort of prefabricated attempt at solidifying Jackson’s pop icon status.” JM

Mendelsohn notes a suspicion that “Jackson wasn’t allowed to mature on his own,” JM “that there was someone behind Jackson’s every move, whether it was Papa Joe, or his brothers, or Quincy or the record label. Everything Jackson did seemed so pre-planned.” JM He suggests that there is a “lingering feeling that Quincy Jones was pushing a square Jackson into a round hole.” JM He notes both a “vaudeville-esque forced smile and feel-goodness (see ‘The Girl Is Mine’, ‘P.Y.T.’, and ‘The Lady in My Life’)” JM and “the pressing, unrelenting nature of the album to show off an artist who has “matured (see ‘Billie Jean’, ‘Wanna Be Startin’ Somethin’’, ‘Beat It’).” JM He suggests that “it wasn’t until Bad that we got to hear and see more of the ‘real’ Jackson.” JM

However, the National Recording Registry cited Jones’ “expert production” NRR as one of the reasons for the album’s blockbuster success and Rolling Stone’s Chris Connelly says the sound isn’t at all overdone, but actually “sparer than usual, and refreshingly free of schmaltz.” CC Of course, Klinger would disagree here, calling “The Girl is Mine” a “schmaltz-fest” EK and “The Lady in My Life” “even schmaltzier and less festive.” EK

Still, Connelly points out a potentially undeniable truth – that Jones is “working with what might be pop music’s most spectacular instrument: Michael Jackson’s voice. Where lesser artists need a string section or a lusty blast from a synthesizer, Jackson need only sing to convey deep, heartfelt emotion.” CC And, as even Mendelsohn acknowledges, “coupled with the undeniably catchy nature of these songs that is borderline hypnotic, I can see why people won’t stop buying this record.” JM

While built “on the basic blueprint of Off the Wall,” AMG this is not a “reheating [of that album’s] agreeably mindless funk.” CC “That alone would have given the album a good shot at a huge audience,” AMG but Jackson also benefited because Thriller “arrived precisely when MTV was reaching its ascendancy, and Jackson helped the network by being not just its first superstar, but first black star.” AMG

It is also important to note that “Jackson cooked up a zesty LP whose uptempo workouts don’t obscure its harrowing, dark messages.” CC In fact, Klinger notes it is surprising “to hear so much darkness on an album that became so inextricably linked to pop innocence.” EK He goes so far as to suggest that “Thriller is the sound of a man trying impossibly hard to keep the darkness at bay through slick production and moonwalking.” EK

Unquestionably, “Thriller introduced dread into Michael Jackson’s solo work. By 1995’s HIStory, this element curdled into overwhelming self-regard and out-of-touchness, but here it’s bracing.” AZ “Particularly on Jackson's own compositions, Thriller’s tense, nearly obsessive sound complements lyrics that delineate a world that put the twenty-four-year-old on the defensive. ‘They’re out to get you, better leave while you can. Don’t wanna be a boy, you wanna be a man.’ It was a challenging time for Jackson…and he responded to those challenges head-on. He dropped the boyish falsetto that sparked his hits from ‘I Want You Back’ to ‘Don’t Stop ‘Til You Get Enough’ and chose to address his tormentors in a full, adult voice with a feisty determination that is tinged by sadness. Jackson’s new attitude gives Thriller a deeper, if less visceral, emotional urgency than any of his previous work, and marks another watershed in the creative development of this prodigiously talented performer.” CC

Billie Jean

“The paranoia is already creeping in, manifesting itself in” AMG the massive “disco-inflected” NRR Billie Jean, truly one of the all-time greatest songs and “Michael’s clearest statement to date on sexuality and stardom.” RC With “one of the most recognizable bass lines ever,” RV this is “a lean, insistent funk number whose message couldn't be more blunt: ‘She says I am the one/But the kid is not my son.’ The party spirit that suffused Off the Wall has landed him in trouble, and he tempers that exuberance with suspicion. ‘What do you mean I am the one,’ he quizzically asks his femme fatale, ‘who will dance on the floor?’ It’s a sad, almost mournful song, but a thumping resolve underlies his feelings: ‘Billie Jean is not my lover’ is incessantly repeated as the song fades out.” CC

Beat It

“The tough, scared” AMG “pop-rock” RV of Beat It, the album’s second #1 song, is “maybe the best song here…Jackson’s voice soars all over the melody, Eddie Van Halen checks in with a blistering guitar solo” CC that “bridged arena rock and soul four years before Run DMC met Aerosmith.” TL “Before this, nobody would even have thought to bring in metal virtuoso Eddie Van Halen to play on a disco cut.” AMG “The result is one nifty dance song.” CC

Wanna Be Startin’ Somethin’

Thriller’s most combative track, the hyperactive” CC and “delirious Wanna Be Startin' Somethin’, [is] the freshest funk on the album, but the most claustrophobic, scariest track Jackson ever recorded.” AMG “Jackson…takes on the press, gossips of all kinds and other grief-givers. Here the emotions are so raw that the song nearly goes out of control. ‘Somebody's always tryin’ to start my baby crying,’ he laments, and that sense of quasi paranoia yields to near-bitterness in the chorus: ‘You’re a vegetable, you’re a vegetable/They’ll eat off you, you’re a vegetable.’ It’s a tune that’s almost as exciting as seeing Jackson motivate himself across a concert stage – and a lot more unpredictable. These lyrics won’t keep Elvis Costello awake nights, but they do show that Jackson has progressed past the hey-let’s-hustle sentiments that dominated Off the Wall.” CC


“The compelling title trackNRR “takes a cue from Parliament’s concept pieces in employing Vincent Price to warn that nonfunky forces will ‘terrorize y’all’s neighborhood.’” AZ “The ridiculous, late-night house-of-horrors” AMG “at first sounds like a metaphoric examination of the same under-siege mentality that marks the LP’s best moments” CC or it could be “trying like hell to hide Jackson’s increasing paranoia under a layer of cheese, pretending it’s nothing more than a tribute to scary movies.” EK Regardless, it “degenerates into silly camp,” CC thanks to Price rapping. However, it is “the rare song that’s improved by its” RC “barrier-shattering music video future artists could only aspire to star in.” RV

The Girl Is Mine

“The sweet schmaltz of the Paul McCartney duet The Girl Is MineAMG “made interracial love pop.” TL “The superficiality of that damnably catchy hit belies the surprising substance of Thriller.” CC Actually, even that song “steers just the right side of vanity.” Q

“Human Nature” and “P.Y.T.”

There’s also the “gentle and lovely…Human Nature.” AMG Perhaps the weakest song on the album is P.Y.T. (Pretty Young Thing). Even with its “frizzy funk,” AMG it just “isn’t up to the spunky character of the other tracks” CC, although it was still a top 10 hit.

“Baby Be Mine” and “The Lady in My Life”

Finally, there’s the only two non-charting songs. “For the record, the terrific Baby Be Mine and the pretty good ballad The Lady in My Life are not like the others,” AMG although even they “do their jobs well enough.” Q

Thriller remains both [Jackson’s] masterwork and a decade-defining album of the ‘80s.” BN “It has become the foundation for every single piece of pop-music released since the 1980s, and escaping its influence is nearly impossible.” JM “For better or for worse, that may ultimately prove to be Thriller’s true legacy.” EK


A special of the album added extra tracks, including “Someone in the Dark” (from his E.T. children’s album), “Carousel,” a 1981 home demo of “Billie Jean,” a voice-over session from “Thriller,” and a series of interviews with producer Quincy Jones and songwriter Rod Temperton. A 25th anniversary edition added remixes featuring Kanye West,, Fergie, and Akon as well as the previously unreleased “For All Time.”

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