Friday, April 24, 1981

Neil Diamond “America” charted


Neil Diamond

Writer(s): Neil Diamond (see lyrics here)

First Charted: April 24, 1981

Peak: 8 US, 10 CB, 9 HR, 5 RR, 13 AC, 45 CN, 1 DF (Click for codes to singles charts.)

Sales (in millions): 0.63 US

Airplay/Streaming (in millions): -- radio, 29.1 video, -- streaming


Click on award for more details.

About the Song:

Neil Diamond starred in The Jazz Singer in 1980. The dramatic film was one of several adaptations of the 1925 play of the same name by Samson Raphaelson. The 1927 film is hailed as the onset of the sound-era of film. The story is about a young, fifth-generation Jewis cantor (Diamond) who defies the traditionalism of his father (Laurence Olivier) to pursue his dream of being a pop singer.

While the movie generally received negative reviews – even earning Diamond a Golden Raspberry Award for Worst Actor – the movie made a modest profit and the soundtrack was huge. It became Diamond’s biggest selling album in the United States with more than 5 million in sales. It was fueled by three top-10 hits on the Billboard Hot 100 – “Love on the Rocks,” “Hello Again,” and “America.”

“America” was the third single and, unlike the previous two ballads, was a “bombastic melting-pot jam.” AMG It is “a tribute to immigration in America, where people from all over the world were welcome to come and seek opportunity.” SF Diamond’s grandparents were immigrants from Russia and Poland and Diamond grew up in Brooklyn, where many European immigrants arrived.

The song became a very popular number for Diamond in concert both home and abroad thanks to his “typically powerful melody, dynamic arrangements, and bombastic vocal.” WK On a personal note, the song was on my first personal chart. As a response to a local radio station’s countdown of the best songs of all time, I compiled my own list. I intended to make it a one-time list of favorites, but it turned into a weekly personal chart which I maintained for a little more than a decade.


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First posted 9/7/2022.

Saturday, April 4, 1981

50 years ago: Cab Calloway “Minnie the Moocher” hit #1

Minnie the Moocher

Cab Calloway

Writer(s): Cab Calloway, Irving Mills (see lyrics here)

Recorded: March 3, 1931

First Charted: March 21, 1931

Peak: 11 PM, 18 GA (Click for codes to charts.)

Sales (in millions): --

Airplay/Streaming (in millions): -- radio, 30.66 video, 10.70 streaming


Click on award for more details.

About the Song:

Cabell (Cab) Calloway III was born in 1907 in Rochester, New York. He became well known for his scat singing at the famous Cotton Club in Harlem in the 1930s. He was “one of the most exciting live performers and personalities in jazz history.” SS His name evokes “an indelible image of a rakishly handsome, zoot-suited black bandleader charistmatically belting out ‘hi-de-hi-de-hi-de-hi’ and other high-spirited scat-sung nonsense.” SS

He had 43 chart hits from 1930 to 1945. “Minnie the Moocher,” his second entry, was his only chart-topper PM and became his signature song. It was notable for its “call-and-response scatting chorus.” GN “Its ‘hi-de-ho’ singing became his trademark;” TY2 the scatting came about when Calloway forgot the lyrics during a live radio concert. WK Calloway and a big band memorably performed the song in the 1980 movie The Blues Brothers.

The song is lyrically based on “Willy the Weeper,” a traditional folk song about a drug addict recorded in 1927 by Frankie “Half-Pint” Jaxon and later associated with Louis Armstrong. SS “Minnie the Moocher” includes drug references such as describing the character “Smokey” as “cokey,” meaning a cocaine user, and using the phrase “kick the gong around,” slang for smoking opium. WK Overall, the lyrics are “almost completely nonsensical, but Calloway’s…energetic performance and the catchy rhythmic tune were enough to make it a huge hit.” TY2

Minnie was an actual person – a beggar named Minnie Gayton. When she died at the age of 82, an obituary in the November 1951 issue of Jet magazine described her as a “familiar figure in downtown Indianapolis” GN who got her nickname by “regularly begging food from grocers and carting it off in a baby buggy. She slept on doorways, on porches and in garages. During the record-breaking blizzard, her body was found on a porch, blanketed with snow. She died from exposure, ironically in a warm hospital bed.” GN


First posted 8/6/2023.

Styx hit #1 with Paradise Theater

Paradise Theater


Released: January 19, 1981

Peak: 13 US, 8 UK, 12 CN

Sales (in millions): 3.0 US, -- UK, 4.0 world (includes US and UK)

Genre: classic arena rock


Song Title (Writers) [time] (date of single release, chart peaks) Click for codes to singles charts.

  1. A.D. 1928 (DeYoung) [1:07]
  2. Rockin’ the Paradise (DeYoung/Shaw/Young) [3:35] (3/21/81, 20 CL, 8 AR)
  3. Too Much Time on My Hands (Shaw) [4:31] (3/21/81, 9 US, 8 CB, 7 HR, 4 CL, 2 AR, 4 CN, 68 AU)
  4. Nothing Ever Goes as Planned (DeYoung) [4:46] (7/11/81, 54 US, 54 CB, 62 HR, 31 CL, 33 CN)
  5. The Best of Times (DeYoung) [4:17] (1/24/81, 3 US, 5 CB, 6 HR, 13 RR, 26 AC, 1 CL, 16 AR, 42 UK, 11 CN, 23 AU)
  6. Lonely People (DeYoung) [5:22]
  7. She Cares (Shaw) [4:18]
  8. Snowblind (DeYoung/Young) [4:48] (3/21/81, 17 CL, 22 AR)
  9. Half-Penny, Two-Penny (Brandle/Young) [4:34]
  10. A.D. 1958 (DeYoung) [2:31]
  11. State Street Sadie (DeYoung) [:27]

Total Running Time: 41:02

The Players:

  • Dennis DeYoung (vocals, keyboards)
  • Tommy Shaw (vocals, guitar)
  • James “JY” Young (vocals, guitar)
  • Chuck Panozzo (bass)
  • John Panozzo (drums/percussion)


3.972 out of 5.00 (average of 17 ratings)

Quotable:”Styx’s greatest commercial triumph…and…one of the best examples of the convergence between progressive rock and AOR” – Ed Rivadavia, All Music Guide

Awards: (Click on award to learn more).

About the Album:

“There are certain genres that it's tres stylish to bash unceasingly…One…is the late-seventies/early-eighties genre of arena rock, where musical alchemy mixed progressive rock with monster arena concerts. Journey, REO Speedwagon, Cheap Trick, Kansas -- lotta bands paid the rent with this stuff, and yes, some of it's drivel. But you know what? Some of it’s pretty tasty. Paradise Theater falls in the latter category.” DE

“After successfully establishing themselves as one of America's best commercial progressive rock bands of the late '70s with albums like The Grand Illusion and Pieces of Eight,” ER Styx turned out the “uneven Cornerstone album,” ER which, despite its “mediocrity…propel[ed] the band to their highest point, so far, of commercial success, so there were a lot of eyes looking at the follow-up.” DW

With Cornerstone, ”Styx had taken a dubious step towards pop overkill with singer Dennis DeYoung’s ultra-schmaltzy ballad ‘Babe.’…The number one single would sew the seeds of disaster for the group by pitching DeYoung’s increasingly mainstream ambitions against” ER “the more hard-hitting approach of” CD “Tommy Shaw and James ‘JY’ Young.” ER

However, “Paradise Theater seemed to represent the best of both worlds” ER “as the rift…hadn’t yet wreaked havoc.” CD Paradise Theater “seemed to satisfy both of the band's camps with its return to complex hard rock” ER favored by “purists Shaw and JY,” ER “while sparing no amount of [the] pomp and grandeur” ER favored by DeYoung. The album also “contains some of the best songs Styx would ever write.” DE

The album’s “loose concept about the roaring ‘20s heyday” ER “focused on something concrete” PH – “the condemnation and destruction of the Paradise Theater, a famous showplace in the band’s hometown of Chicago” DD “is used as an allegory for America’s decline in the late seventies.” DE

Starting out with the same melody as ‘The Best of Times,’” PH opening cut A.D. 1928 is “subdued yet oddly humorous.” PH “The lyrics of this track begin with ‘Tonight’s the night we’ll make history / As sure as dogs can fly.’ In other words, it’s not likely.” PH The song “which features a lonely DeYoung on piano and vocals introducing the album’s recurring musical theme.” PH

This launches into Rockin’ the Paradise, “which blasts this disc into full force.” DW It is “one of the group’s most effective rockers and most substantial group efforts.” CD as it offers “the listener…what Styx has always been known for – driving rock and roll.” PH It is also “one of the few songs written by all three of the band’s composers.” CD

“Shaw brings his pop sensibilities to the fore on the ridiculously catchy (and hugely successful) Too Much Time on My Hands, whose synth bass hook became part of the pop pantheon” CD and “figures among Shaw’s finest singles ever.” ER

“DeYoung proves his mettle as a balladeer once again” CD on lead single The Best of Times. The song “is more about the theatre than a relationship, as one would think on first listen.” PH However, some would say that “it suffers from trying to be two things and not really succeeding at either.” PH It “relies on cliches like ‘I feel so helpless like a boat against the tide’ until the sappy meter goes off the chart with ‘I know if the world turned upside down/ you’d always be around.’” PH Still, “with its deliberate, marching rhythm, …somehow it just works.” ER

DeYoung, stuck close to the overall storyline” ER with numbers like ‘The Best of Times’ and Nothing Ever Goes as Planned The latter, along with Lonely People, feature "great horn part[s] provided by the Hangalator Horn Section.” DE

Shaw tried “to resist thematic restrictions” ER on songs like ‘Hands’ and She Cares, but the results “are still delightful.” DE

“JY, the band’s third songwriter (and resident peacekeeper) is only slightly more cooperative with the Paradise Theater concept. His edgier compositions include the desolate tale of drug addiction” ER on “the Young/Shaw-sung Snowblind [which] finds the boys getting downright bluesy” CD JY’s efforts “snarl and tear at your emotions,” DE finding the band “dipping into a Led Zeppelin-ish haze…powered by a guitar solo that sets up the ripping conclusion.” PH

JY also contributes “the rollicking opus Half-Penny, Two-Penny,” ER his “best since ‘Miss America’” DW from 1977’s The Grand Illusion. The song “infuses a graphic depiction of inner city decadence with a final, small glimmer of hope and redemption.” ER

It “leads straight into the album’s beautiful saxophone-led epilogue, A.D. 1958,” ER which “leaves the Paradise Theatre condemned.” PH The song “once again reveals MC DeYoung alone at his piano,” ER reprising the tune that opens the album and is the core of “The Best of Times.”

Paradise Theater would become Styx's greatest commercial triumph; and [is] one of the best examples of the convergence between progressive rock and AOR which typified the sound of the era's top groups (Journey, Kansas, etc.)…Paradise Theater was truly the best of times.” ER “Styx was never this good before; Styx would never be this good again…Paradise Theater was Styx's high-water mark, and one of the greatest albums in rock history.” DE

Review Sources:

First posted 3/24/2008; last updated 5/18/2021.