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Billy Murray “You’re a Grand Old Flag” (aka “Grand Old Rag”)
Writer(s): George M. Cohan (see lyrics here)
First charted: 5/5/1906
Peak: 110 US (Click for codes to singles charts.)
Sales (in millions): 1.0 (sheet music) U.S. – UK 1.0 world (includes US and UK)
Radio Airplay (in millions): -- Video Airplay (in millions): --
Review: “Perhaps no other American popular song composer did more to popularize the patriotic song than George M. Cohan.” PS He claimed to be born on the 4th of July, although he was actually born the day before. As part of a vaudeville family, he toured New England and the Midwest during his boyhood. By 1904, he wrote and starred in his first musical, Little Johnny Jones. Two years later, he wrote George Washington, Jr., featuring “Grand Old Flag,” the song which arguably made him a superstar. PS
It isn’t too surprising it became so popular. It was “a patriotic song in a snappy tempo sung by a vigorous and enthusiastic performer to an audience that loves America.” TR The song also drew on other beloved hits such as “Dixie” and “Auld Lang Syne.” SS When performing it during the musical, Cohan marched and down the stage waving an American flag. PS
Still, the song wasn’t without controversy. Cohan originally called it “The Grand Old Rag,” inspired by a Civil War veteran who fought at Gettysburg. The vet was holding a carefully folded, but ragged flag and said to Cohan, “She’s a grand old rag.” WK Cohan replicated the scene for the musical, but “despite the song’s clear patriotic message, ‘rag’ was considered by many to be an undignified and inappropriate way to refer to the American flag” NRR so Cohan changed the title to “You’re a Grand Old Flag.”
Billy Murray, who has been called “the definitive interpreter of Cohan on record,” SS recorded the song under its original title, despite Cohan’s efforts to pull the version. WK The controversy didn’t hurt the song; it became the first from a musical to sell more than a million copies of sheet music. SB Murray made it the biggest hit of 1906 WHC and the biggest-selling record of the first decade for Victor Records. JA
Resources and Related Links:
- George M. Cohan’s DMDB Encyclopedia entry
- Billy Murray’s DMDB Encyclopedia entry
- JA Jasen, David A. (2002). A Century of American Popular Music: 2000 Best-Loved and Rememberd Songs (1899-1999). Routledge: Taylor & Francis, Inc. Page 224.
- NRR National Recording Registry
- PS ParlorSongs.com
- TR Raph, Theodore (1964). The Songs We Sang: A Treasury of American Popular Music. A.S. Barnes and Co., Inc.: New York. Page 330.
- SB Songbook1.wordpress.com
- SS Sullivan, Steve. (2013). Encyclopedia of Great Popular Song Recordings (Volumes I & II). Scarecrow Press: Lanham, Maryland. Page 3.
- WHC Whitburn, Joel. (1999). A Century of Pop Music. Record Research, Inc.: Menomonee Falls, WI. Page 13.
- WK Wikipedia.org