Released: August 27, 1991
Peak: 2 US, 18 UK, 1 CN, 11 AU
Sales (in millions): 13.0 US, 0.6 UK, 18.9 world (includes US and UK)
Genre: rock > grunge
Song Title (Writers) [time] (date of single release, chart peaks) Click for codes to singles charts.
Songs written by Gossard/ Vedder unless noted otherwise.
Total Running Time: 53:20
4.333 out of 5.00 (average of 24 ratings)
Quotable: “A flawlessly crafted hard rock masterpiece” – Steve Huey, All Music Guide
Awards: (Click on award to learn more).
About the Album:
Pearl Jam grew out of the ashes of Mother Love Bone, a late ‘80s grunge group helmed by Andrew Wood. After he overdosed on heroin, the remaining members regrouped, tapped Eddie Vedder as their lead singer and Pearl Jam was born. While their debut, Ten, “didn’t explode out of the box” GW (it didn’t hit its chart peak until nearly a year after its release) like Nirvana’s Nevermind, the two albums found themselves battling each other “in a grunge popularity contest” RS even though they “had very little in common, beyond a raw, raging power that had been missing from rock for too long.” TB Nevermind got the lion’s share of credit for breaking grunge and alternative to the mainstream, SH but its appeal “wasn’t universal; rock radio still viewed them as too raw and punky, and some hard rock fans dismissed them as weird misfits.” SH
However, Pearl Jam were “the latest manifestation of the primeval power than galvanizes rock whenever it gets complacent.” PR It didn’t just help in legitimizing grunge, but “in reshaping hard rock” RS with its “ferocious synthesis of hard rock and punk to articulate the pain and frustration of a generation.” PR “Radio programmers in search of acceptable grunge to to play alongside Led Zeppelin, U2 and Guns N’ Roses” GW discovered Pearl Jam “songs that sounded great anytime, anywhere.” GW
“In retrospect, it’s easy to see why Pearl Jam clicked with a mass audience – they weren’t as metallic as Alice in Chains or Soundgarden, and of Seattle’s Big Four, their sound owed the greatest debt to classic rock.” SH “Pearl Jam’s rhythm section links the majestic brawn of Led Zeppelin to the righteous fervor of the Who to the visceral, distorted, frayed-nerve guitar attack that made Seattle famous.” TM Ten embraces “the structured guitar work of Jimi Hendrix over Nirvana's buzz saw leads.” RV Pearl Jam’s album was marked by Eddie Vedder’s “urgent, highly distinctive timbre” GW and “shaky, agonized growl” RS not to mention “intricately arranged guitar textures and expansive harmonic vocabulary.” SH
“Though they rock hard, Pearl Jam is too anti-star to swagger, too self-aware to puncture the album’s air of gravity.” SH They tackle “weighty topics – abortion, homelessness, childhood traumas, gun violence, rigorous introspection – with an earnest zeal unmatched since mid-‘80s U2, whose anthemic sound they frequently strive for.” SH “Vedder’s impressionistic lyrics often make their greatest impact through the passionate commitment of his delivery rather than concrete meaning.” SH “His stories don’t always unfold in linear fashion or end with a tidy summary.” TM As McCready said of Vedder, “He’s a man full of conviction. That comes in his singing and writing, and hopefully our music backs that up.” GW
“Virtually everything…on this rousing debut, goes straight for the jugular.” TM For example, Jeremy told the true story of “a seriously disturbed 16-year-old student at Richardson High School in Dallas, Texas, who had shot himself dead in front of his class.” TB Vedder combined the story of Jeremy Wade Delle with his memory of a San Diego junior high classmate who took a gun to school and went “on a shooting spree, though with less disastrous results.” TB It “gave voice to a generation of children ignored and abused.” RV The video won MTV’s award for Video of the Year.
Meanwhile “the poignancy of Black made it all right, even for indie rockers, to feel heartsick.” RV
The album’s first single, Alive, was a “twin-guitar-powered rocker” TB which was “interpreted as an anthem by many.” WK However, Vedder later explained that it was a “semi-biographical tale of a son discovering that his father is actually his stepfather, while his mother’s grief turns her to sexually embrace her son, who strongly resembles the biological father.” WK As Vedder said, “the song’s protagonist ‘is still dealing with the death of [his] father’” and feels “puzzled and burdened by the knowledge that ‘I’m still alive.’” TM
Still, “no matter how cathartic Ten’s tersely titled songs got,” SH they were “just cryptic enough to get you thinking and not so brainy that it forgets to rock.” TM “They were never abrasive enough to affect the album’s accessibility,” SH which was aided by its “warm, rich sound.” GW “The result is a flawlessly crafted hard rock masterpiece.” SH
Ten was reissued in 2009 as a two-CD set with bonus tracks “Brother,” “Just a Girl,” “Breath and a Scream,” “State of Love and Trust,” 2000 Mile Blues,” and “Evil Little Goat.” “Pearl Jam brought in their longtime producer Brendan O’Brien to remix Ten from the ground up, to strip away the studio affectations of producer Rick Parashar and mixer Tim Palmer that made it a bright, shiny anomaly during the dingy heyday of grunge and make the album sound more like the rest of the band's work.” STE
That was “followed by a triple-disc set that adds a DVD of the band's 1992 performance for MTV Unplugged and then there's a gargantuan, frankly ludicrous, collectors edition that has all that plus four slabs of vinyl containing the two mixes of the album plus a 1992 live show, one cassette that replicates the original demo Eddie Vedder turned in as his audition, and assorted memorabilia that retails for $200.00.” STE
Notes: A 2009 reissue added “Brother,” “Just a Girl,” Breath and a Scream,” “State of Love and Trust,” “2,000 Mile Blues,” and “Evil Little Goat.”
Resources and Related Links:
Other Related DMDB Pages:
First posted 3/22/2008; last updated 9/4/2021.