Tuesday, May 1, 2018

May 1, 1786: Mozart's Marriage of Figaro premiered

Last updated August 27, 2018.

Le Nozze di Figaro (The Marriage of Figaro)

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (composer)


Composed: 1786


First Performed: 5/1/1786


Sales: --


Peak: --

Quotable: --


Genre: classical > opera


Average Length: 161:30


Parts/Movements:

  1. Overture, Presto

    Act I:

  2. Duet ("Cinque dieci")
  3. Duet ("Se a caso madama la notte ti chiama")
  4. Cavatina ("Se vuol ballare, signor contino")
  5. Aria ("La vendetta, oh, la vendetta")
  6. Duet ("Via resti servita, madama brillante")
  7. Aria ("Non so piu cosa son, cosa faccio")
  8. Trio ("Cosa sento! tosto andate")
  9. Chorus ("Giovani liete, fiori spargete")
  10. Aria ("Non piu andrai farfallone amoroso")

    Act II:

  11. Cavatina ("Porgi amor qualche ristoro")
  12. Arietta ("Voi, che sapete che cosa e amor")
  13. Aria ("Venite, inginocchiatevi")
  14. Trio ("Susanna or via sortite")
  15. Duet ("Aprite presto, aprite")
  16. Finale ("Esci omai, garzon malnato, sciagurato, non tardar")

    Act III:

  17. Duet ("Crudel! perche finora")
  18. Recitative & Aria ("Hai gia vinta la causa! Cosa sento!... Vedro, mentr'io sospiro")
  19. Sextet ("Riconosci in questo amplesso")
  20. Recitative & Aria ("E Susanna non vien! Sono ansiosa... Dove sono i bei momenti")
  21. Duet ("Sull' aria... che soave zefiretto")
  22. Chorus ("Recevete, o padroncina")
  23. Finale & Chorus ("Ecco la marcia, andiamo!... Amanti costanti, seguaci d'onor")

    Act IV:

  24. Cavatina ("L'ho perduta... me meschina!")
  25. Aria ("Il capro e la capretta")
  26. Aria ("In quegl' anni, in cui val poco")
  27. Recitative & Aria ("Tutto e disposto: l'ora dovrebbe esser vicina; io sento gente... Aprite un po quegl' occhi")
  28. Recitative & Aria ("Giunse alfin il momento... Deh vieni non tardar, o gioja bella")
  29. Finale ("Pian, pianin le andro piu presso")

Review:

The Marriage of Figaro is a comic opera in four parts. “It tells how the servants Figaro and Susanna succeed in getting married, foiling the efforts of their philandering employer Count Almaviva to seduce Susanna and teaching him a lesson in fidelity. The opera is a cornerstone of the repertoire and appears consistently among the top ten in the Operabase list of most frequently performed operas.” WK

Initially, however, it received “fewer than ten performances in Vienna immediately after its première at the Burgtheater on May 1, 1786.” JH “At the time of the opera’s composition and first performances, there was a climate of antagonism among factions of Italian musicians and poets living in Vienna, among whom was counted Salieri,” JH and they tried to have Figaro banned from the stage. JH However, the opera had “tremendous success in Prague…before spreading to other parts of Europe and becoming a classic of the opera buffa repertory.” JH

“Mozart admired Pierre Auguste Caron de Beaumarchais’ politically radical play Le mariage de Figaro (1781), the second play in what would become a trilogy based on the autobiographical character Figaro. Beaumarchais’ Le barbier de Séville had been performed in 1775 and the third play of the trilogy, La mère coupable, would be premièred in 1793. In his Figaro plays, Beaumarchais, who himself was a participant in the Revolution, working towards anti-aristocratic revolutionary ideas, sharply spoofs pre-Revolution French society.” JH

“Mozart’s music for Figaro consists of conventional dry and accompanied recitative, aria, and ensemble pieces. The overture, despite having no development section, is essentially in sonata form. Mozart musically conveys the range of Figaro’s perturbation in his Act One cavatina, Se vuol ballare, by whimsically changing the character of his music to correspond with Figaro’s machinations. Mozart also imbues Figaro’s rondo-form aria, Non più andrai, farfallone amoroso, with colorful musical depictions of Cherubino’s forthcoming military service through dotted rhythms and trumpet arpeggio fanfares. The Countess’ cavatina, Porgi amor, conveys the character’s elevated social status through its graceful melodic language. The duet (Aprite, presto, aprite) between Susanna and Cherubino in Act Two bristles expectantly with its moto perpetuo string writing and nervous, patter vocal declamation.” JH

“In the Count’s and Susanna’s Act Three duet (Crudel! Perchè finora), the minor mode conveys the Count’s initial grief and a shift to major mode, after Susanna agrees to come to the garden, confirms a sense of momentary resolution. Later, in the Count’s accompanied recitative (Hai già vinta la causa!), the orchestra adds an extra emphasis to his verbal expression of anger and agitation through impetuous dotted rhythms and string tremolos. Through furiously rapid-scale passages and trills, the orchestra maintains this angry intensity in the Count’s vengeance aria (Vedrò mentr’io sospiro). Barbaina’s Act Four cavatina, L’ho perduta...me meschina! introduces a minor mode melody of classic Mozartean pathos. The finale of Act Four brings the principal characters to beg the Count’s forgiveness and the music swells from a pious hymn-like ensemble to a triumphant fanfare-laden exultation.” JH


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