Friday, March 30, 2018

March 30, 1736: Bach's St. Matthew Passion premiered

Last updated August 31, 2018.

St. Matthew Passion (Matthäuspassion), for soloists, double chorus, & double orchestra, BWV 244 (BC D3b)

Johann Sebastian Bach (composer)


Composed: 1729-36


First performed: 3/30/1736


Sales: - NA -


Peak: - NA -

Quotable: --


Genre: classical > choral


Parts/Movements:

  1. No. 1, "Kommt, ihr Tochter, helft mir klagen", Chorus
  2. "Da Jesus diese Rede vollendet hatte", Recitative for tenor
  3. "Herzliebster Jesu, was hast du verbrochen", Chorus

  4. a. "Da versammelten sich die Hohenpriester", Recitative for tenor
    b. "Ja nicht auf das Fest, auf dass nicht ein Aufruhr", Chorus
    c. "Da nun Jesus war zu Bethanien", Recitative for tenor
    d. "Wozu dienet dieser Unrat?", Chorus
    e. "Da das Jesus merkete, sprach er zu ihnen", Recitative for tenor & bass
  5. "Du lieber Heiland du", Recitative for alto
  6. "Buß und Reu' knirscht das Sundeerherz entzwei", Aria for alto
  7. "Da ging hin der Zwolfen einer, mit Namen Judas Ischarioth", Recitative for tenor & bass
  8. "Blute nur, du liebes Herz!", Aria for soprano

  9. a. "Aber am ersten Tage der süßen Brot'", Recitative for tenor
    b. "Wo willst du, daß wir dir bereiten", Chorus
    c. "Er sprach: Gehet hin in die Stadt zu Einem", Recitative for tenor & bass
    d. "Und die Junger taten", Recitative for tenor
    e. "Und sie wurden sehr betrubt", Recitative for tenor
    f. "Herr, bin ich's", Chorus
  10. "Ich bin's ich sollte büßen", Chorus
  11. "Er antwortet und sprach", Recitative for tenor & bass
  12. "Wiewohl mein Herz in Tranen schwimmt", Recitative for soprano
  13. "Ich will dir mein Herze schenken", Aria for soprano
  14. "Und da sie den Lobgesang gesprochen hatten", Recitative for tenor & bass
  15. "Erkenne mich, mein Hüter", Chorus
  16. "Petrus aber antwortete und sprach zu ihn", Recitative for tenor & bass
  17. "Ich will hier bei dir stehen", Chorus
  18. "Da kam Jesus mit ihnen zu einem Hofe", Recitative for tenor & bass
  19. "O Schmerz! hier zittert das gequalte Herz!", Recitative for tenor
  20. "Ich will bei meinem Jesu wachen", Aria for tenor
  21. "Und ging hin ein wenig, fiel nieder auf sein Angesicht", Recitative for tenor & bass
  22. "Der Heiland fällt vor seinem Vater nieder", Recitative for bass
  23. "Gerne will ich mich bequemen", Aria for bass
  24. "Und er kam zu seinen Jüngern und fand sie Schlafend", Recitative for tenor & bass
  25. "Was mein Gott will, das g'scheh' allzeit", Chorus
  26. "Und er kam und fand sie aber schlafend", Recitative for tenor

  27. a. "So ist mein Jesus nun gefangen", Duet for soprano & alto
    b. "Laßt ihn, haltet, bindet nicht", Chorus
    c. "Sind Blitze, sind Donner in Wolken verschwunden", Chorus
  28. "Und siehe, einer aus denen, die mit Jesu waren", Recitative for tenor & bass
  29. "O Mensch, bewein' dein' Sünde groß", Chorus
  30. "Ach, nun ist mein Jesus hin!", Aria for alto
  31. "Die aber Jesum gegriffen hatten", Recitative for tenor
  32. "Mir hat die Welt", Chorus

  33. a. "Und wiewohl viel falsche Zeugen herzutraten", Recitative for tenor & bass
    b. "Er hat gesagt: Ich kann den Tempel Gottes abbrechen", Recitative for alto & tenor
  34. "Mein Jesus schweigt", Recitative for tenor
  35. "Geduld, wenn mich falsche Zungen stechen", Aria for organ

  36. a. "Und der Hohepriester antwortet und sprach", Recitative for tenor
    b. "Er ist des Todes schuldig", Chorus
    c. "Da speiten sie aus in sein Angesicht", Recitative for tenor
    d. "Weissage uns", Chorus
  37. "Wer hat dich so geschlagen", Chorus

  38. a. "Petrus aber saß draußen im Palast", Recitative for 2 sopranos, tenor & bass
    b. "Wahrlich, du bist auch einer von denen", Chorus
    c. "Da hub er an, sich zu verfluchen und zu schworen sich verpflicht'", Recitative for tenor & bass
  39. "Erbarme dich, meine Gott", Aria for alto ["Have mercy, Lord"]
  40. "Bin ich gleich von dir gewichen", Chorus

  41. a. "Des Morgens aber hielten alle Hohenpriester Rat", Recitative for tenor & bass
    b. "Was gehet uns das an?", Chorus
    c. "Und er warfe die Silberlinge in den Tempel", Recitative for tenor
  42. "Gebt mir meinen Jesum wieder!", Aria for bass
  43. "Sie hielten aber einen Rat", Recitative for tenor & basses
  44. "Befiehl du deine Wege", Chorus

  45. a. "Auf das Fest aber hatte der Landpfleger", Recitative for tenor, soprano & bass
    b. "Lass ihn kreuzigen/Sie sprachen: Barrabam!", Chorus
  46. "Wie wunderbarlich ist doch diese Strafe!", Chorus
  47. "Der Landpfleger sagte: Was hat er denn Ubels getan?", Recitative for tenor & bass
  48. "Er hat uns Allen wohlgetan", Recitative for soprano
  49. "Aus Liebe will mein Heiland sterben", Aria for soprano

  50. a. "Sie schrieen aber noch mehr und sprachen", Recitative for tenor & bass
    b. "Lass ihn kreuzigen", Chorus
    c. "Da aber Pilatus sahe, dass er nichts schaffete", Recitative for tenor & bass
    d. "Sein Blut komme uber uns", Chorus
    e. "Da gab er ihnen Barrabbam los", Recitative for tenor
  51. "Erbarm' es Gott! Hier steht der Heiland angebunden", Recitative for alto
  52. "Können Tränen meiner Wangen", Aria for alto

  53. a. "Da nahmen die Kriegsknechte des Landpflegers Jesum zu sich", Recitative for tenor
    b. "Gegrüßet seist du, Jüdenkönig", Chorus
    c. "Und speieten hin an", Recitative for tenor
  54. "O Haupt voll Blut und Wunden", Chorus
  55. "Und da sie ihn verspottet hatten", Recitative for tenor
  56. "Ja! freilich will in uns das Fleisch und Blut", Recitative for bass
  57. "Komm, süßes Kreuz", Aria for bass

  58. a. "Und da sie an die Stätte kamen, mit Namen Golgatha", Recitative for tenor
    b. "Der du den Tempel Gottes zerbrichst", Chorus
    c. "Desgleichen auch die Hohenpriester spotteten sein", Recitative for tenor
    d. "Andern hat er geholfen", Chorus
    e. "Desgleichen schmahete ihn auch die Morder", Recitative for tenor
  59. "Ach, Golgatha, unsel'ges Golgatha", Recitative for alto
  60. "Sehet, Jesus hat die Hand uns zu fassen ausgespannt", Aria for alto & chorus

  61. a. "Und von der sechsten Stunde an ward eine Finsternis", Recitative for tenor & bass
    b. "Der rufet den Elias", Chorus
    c. "Und bald lief einer unter ihnen", Recitative for tenor
    d. "Halt laß sehen", Chorus
    e. "Aber Jesus schriee abermal laut", Recitative for tenor
  62. "Wenn ich einmal soll scheiden", Chorus

  63. a. "Und siehe da, der Vorhang im Tempel zerriß", Recitative for tenor
    b. "Wahrlich, dieser ist Gottes Sohn", Chorus
    c. "Und es waren viel Weiber da", Recitative for tenor
  64. "Am Abend, da es kuhle war", Recitative for bass
  65. "Mache dich, mein Herze", Aria for bass

  66. a. "Und Joseph nahm den Leib", Recitative for tenor
    b. "Herr, wir haben gedacht", Chorus
    c. "Pilatus sprach zu ihnen: Da habt ihr die Huter", Recitative for tenor & bass
  67. "Nun ist der Herr zur Ruh gebracht", Recitative for bass, tenor, alto & soprano
  68. "Wir setzen uns mit Tranen nieder und rufen", Chorus

Average Length: 168:40

Review:

“It is unclear exactly how many Passion settings Bach wrote: perhaps but not likely five, possibly three or four. Only two survive today; the second of these, the St. Matthew Passion dates from 1729. The Passions, Biblical texts set as large-scale musical works, were performed on Good Friday and told the story of Christ's Crucifixion, according to the Gospels” (Carpenter).

“The St. Matthew Passion is a work very different in character from its extant predecessor, the St. John Passion: the former is deeply devotional, introspective, and meditative in character, while the latter is more intensely dramatic, with more action in its narrative. The St. Matthew Passion is often compared with Bach’s monumental Mass in B minor in terms of both scope and piety. Performed at St. Thomas’ Church in Leipzig, the work sets a text by Christian Picander (who may have been the author of a hypothetical, now-lost 1725 Bach Passion). Another significant difference between the St. John and St. Matthew works lies in their respective texts: the St. John text is very short, beginning with Judas’ betrayal of Christ, and focusing on Christ’s trial before Pilate; the St. Matthew text, on the other hand, is very long, containing almost twice as many verses as the St. John text.” AC

“The St. Matthew Passion is also much grander musically, with its two four-part choirs and large orchestra of strings, flutes, oboes, harpsichord, and organ. Bach makes particularly poignant and varied use of his two choirs in this piece; they are heard representing the voices of different communities of believers, and also of the clamorous, derisive crowds at the Crucifixion. One celebrated aspect of the work is the way Bach uses the instrument groups to achieve various text-painting effects; a halo around Christ is suggested, for example, by the soft, sustained chords of a string ensemble, and Bach depicts the weariness of Christ on the road to Calvary with a deep pedal point. Like the St. John Passion, the St. Matthew Passion contains both Gospel text and hymn text, and both employ recitatives, arias, and choruses.” AC

“The similarities between Bach’s Passions and the Catholic oratorio genre are striking. The Passions are, like the oratorio, a kind of religious opera; as in that more overtly dramatic genre, arias serve as a vehicle for lyrical expression and recitatives to advance the textual narrative. The central figure, both musically and dramatically, in the St. Matthew Passion is the Evangelist (a tenor), who narrates the story. The nature of his purely narrative, non-participatory, role is made clear through his confinement to passages of recitative; he is never afforded the opportunity for more expansive lyricism. This mode of expression falls to the other vocal soloists, who adopt the personae of those involved in the drama and give them voice.” AC

“The score is best appreciated as a whole, in which context the dramatic sweep and spiritual conviction of the work are abundantly clear. However, there are a number of notable highlights that are frequently excerpted. These include the soprano aria Blute nur, du liebes Herz, the alto aria Erbarme dich, which incorporates an obbligato violin, and the bass aria Mache dich, mein Herze, rein.” AC


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Sunday, March 25, 2018

Johann Sebastian Bach's 6 Cello Suites

Last updated August 31, 2018.

Cello Suites

Johann Sebastian Bach (composer)


Composed: 1717-1723


First performed: ?


Sales: - NA -


Peak: - NA -

Quotable: “Considered to be among the most profound of all classical musical works.” WK


Genre: classical > chamber music > cello solos


Suites/Average Length:

  • Suite for solo cello No. 1 in G major, BWV 1007 [17:40]
  • Suite for solo cello No. 2 in D minor, BWV 1008 [20:00]
  • Suite for solo cello No. 3 in C major, BWV 1009 [22:00]
  • Suite for solo cello No. 4 in E flat major, BWV 1010 [23:40]
  • Suite for solo cello No. 5 in C minor, BWV 1011 [24:20]
  • Suite for solo cello No. 6 in D major, BWV 1012 [28:30]

Review:

Bach’s six suites for unaccompanied cello are “are some of the most frequently performed and recognizable solo compositions ever written for cello.” WK He most likely composed them while “in the employ of Prince Leopold of Anhalt-Cöthen.” L1 “A chronological order is difficult to prove, though one guesses that these suites were composed in numerical order from the way that they gradually evolve and deepen, both technically and musically.” L1

“A Baroque suite is typically a collection of dance movements…Bach took these typical dance forms and abstracted them,” L1 creating “the first, and arguably still the finest, solo works for a relatively new instrument.” L1

“The suites were not widely known before the 1900s.” WK Catalan cellist Pablo Casals began studying them at age 13 after discovering the sheet music in a thrift shop in Barcelona, Spain. WK He “essentially rescued the suites from the tedium of the practice room and presented them to the world as fully-fledged works of invention and virtuosity.” BS He didn’t record them until 1936, when he was 60 years old. By 1939, he “became the first to record all six suites. Their popularity soared soon after, and Casals’ original recording is still widely available and respected today.” WK He “seems to be the standard against which other performances are measured.” BS His recordings were inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame in 1985.

“The first suite, in G major, gives the feel of innocent simplicity, and serves as a marvelous opening to these extraordinary works…[It] may have been inspired by viol writing in France and cello writing in Italy, but there was nothing like it before the first suite, and little like it after, except for the five suites that followed.” L1

In the second suite, “Bach seems to aspire to an almost Beethovenian mixture of tragedy and defiance, all within his usual framework of strict procedures.” L2 “This suite, perhaps above all the others, compels the listener’s attention through the contrast between the graceful and courtly language of the French dances that constitute the suite form and the dark, sinewy meat of Bach’s own compositional thinking…But Bach isn’t done with us yet; this movement prepares for the sunniness of the next suite in the set.” L2

The third suite “is probably the most popular of Bach’s six suites for solo cello, among cellists and listeners alike. How could one resist the work’s mix of nobility, exuberance, and relative contrapuntal simplicity?” L3 It is a “bouncy, virtuosic suite, perhaps the most idiomatic to the cello of all six suites.” L3

“The six Bach suites for solo cello may be arranged according to their modern, galant dance movements into three pairs (Nos. 1 and 2 use Minuets, Nos. 3 and 4 Bourrées, and Nos. 5 and 6 Gavottes). They also form two sequences of three in terms of key and mood (major-minor-major).” L4

“Bach’s fifth cello suite, in C minor, continues the experiments with texture, style, and counterpoint undertaken in the first four works in the set of six.” L5 However, “as unique and extraordinary as each of Bach’s other five cello suites are, the Suite No. 6 is perhaps the most ambitious, strangest, richest of all.” L6 “With each suite Bach continues his progression away from simple dance-like structural roots. Melodic leaps are introduced in the fourth suite, chords in the fifth suite, and a subtle mix of chords, leaps, and implied harmonies, which become as important as the melodies, in the sixth suite.” L6


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Saturday, March 24, 2018

March 4, 1721: Bach writes the dedication for the Brandenburg concertos

Last updated August 31, 2018.

The Brandenburg Concertos

Johann Sebastian Bach (composer)


Composed: 1719-1721


Dedicated on: 3/24/1721


Sales: - NA -


Peak: - NA -

Quotable: “A benchmark of Baroque music…[with] the power to move people almost three centuries later.” NPR


Genre: classical > concertos


Concertos/Average Length: 1. Brandenburg Concerto No. 1 in F major, BWV 1046 [20:20] 2. Brandenburg Concerto No. 2 in F major, BWV 1047 [12:00] 3. Brandenburg Concerto No. 3 in G major, BWV 1048 [11:30] 4. Brandenburg Concerto No. 4 in G major, BWV 1049 [15:40] 5. Brandenburg Concerto No. 5 in D major, BWV 1050 [21:20] 6. Brandenburg Concerto No. 6 in B flat major, BWV 1051 [17:10]

Review:

The Brandenburg Concertos “add up the most complex and artistically successful failed job application in recorded history.” K1 They were written “for Christian Ludwig, the Margrave of Brandenburg,” JR who Bach probably met “on his 1719 trip to Berlin to select a new harpsichord,” RD but Ludwig may have first heard Bach “at the spas in Carlsbad, where Prince Leopold would have Bach accompany him.” K1 “Suspecting that the royal might be interested in giving him a job,” K1 Bach composed these “six lively concertos for chamber orchestra” NPR between 1719 and 1721, although the pieces “he appears to have selected…from concertos he had composed over a number of years while Kapellmeister at Köthen, and possibly extending back to his employment at Weimar (1708–17).” WK

They were “based on an Italian Concerto Gross style” NPR and “display a lighter side of Bach’s imperishable genius.” NPR “Bach wrote out the music himself for presentation to the Margrave rather than leaving it to a copyist.” WK He prepared them in a bound manuscript NPR with a dedication dated March 24, 1721. WK “The Margrave never thanked Bach, paid him a fee, staged a performance of the works, or offered him a position.” AS Eventually Bach’s score “came into the possession of Frederick the Great’s sister, Princess Amalie, who bequeathed it to a school library in Berlin.” RD

“These pieces display a variety of styles, influences, and musical preoccupations,” AS but “the diversified character of these six concertos implies random composition” RD and that they “were probably not conceived of as a set.” AS “It was common practice in the Baroque era to use whatever instruments were available at any given time.” RD “However, all of them share in Bach’s great talent for absorbing new styles…and then expanding and improving upon them.” AS In particular, he modeled the Italian composers’ style of creating “concertos for widely varying combinations of instruments.” K1

The first concerto is marked by “Bach’s use of hunting horns” K1 blended “into the ensemble through the use of multiple winds,” K1 including “three oboes and a bassoon, as well as continuo strings and the violino piccolo.” K1 The second concerto features “four prominent instruments – trumpet, recorder, oboe, and violin – against a foundation of strings and continuo.” JR

The third concerto “is reminiscent of the Italian concerto,” AS which Bach was fascinated with during his time at Weimar. AS It was “written for three violins, three violas, and three cellos, with bass and continuo.” AS Its “motoric rhythm, clear melodic outline, and motivic construction owe a lot to the comparable works of Vivaldi, but the clarified harmony and more interesting counterpoint are unmistakably Bach’s” AS with their “kaleidoscopic range of colors and shades.” AS

“No. 4 is scored for a concertino of solo violin and two flûtes à bec (i.e. recorders) and a ripieno of violins, violas, cellos, and continuo.” RD The “fifth concerto is scored for flute, solo violin, obbligato harpsichord, and strings. It is the only one of the six pieces to have any solo material given to the harpsichord.” K5

The sixth concerto displays “Bach’s sonic imagination…In the early eighteenth century the lower members of the violin family were considered orchestral instruments with supporting roles…Bach chose to reverse the level of difficulty, giving the viola and cello the tough solo parts.” K6 “No other composer of the Baroque era could write through the constraints of form as if it was not there at all.” K5


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Wednesday, March 21, 2018

Beethoven's Piano Sonatas among the new entries to the 2018 National Recording Registry

Last updated August 29, 2018.

Piano Sonatas (32)

Ludwig van Beethoven (composer)


Composed: 1795-1822


First Performed: ?


Sales: --


Peak: --

Quotable: --


Genre: classical


Early Sonatas:

Opus 2: Three Piano Sonatas (1795)

  • No. 1: Piano Sonata No. 1 in F minor
  • No. 2: Piano Sonata No. 2 in A major
  • No. 3: Piano Sonata No. 3 in C major

Opus 7: Piano Sonata No. 4 in E-flat major ("Grand Sonata") (1797)

Opus 10: Three Piano Sonatas (1798)

  • No. 1: Piano Sonata No. 5 in C minor
  • No. 2: Piano Sonata No. 6 in F major
  • No. 3: Piano Sonata No. 7 in D major

Opus 13: Piano Sonata No. 8 in C minor ("Pathétique") (1798)

Opus 14: Two Piano Sonatas (1799)

  • No. 1: Piano Sonata No. 9 in E major (Also arranged by the composer for String Quartet in F major (H 34) in 1801)
  • No. 2: Piano Sonata No. 10 in G major

Opus 22: Piano Sonata No. 11 in B-flat major (1800)


Middle Sonatas:

Opus 26: Piano Sonata No. 12 in A-flat major ("Funeral March") (1801)

Opus 27: Two Piano Sonatas (1801)

  • No. 1: Piano Sonata No. 13 in E-flat major 'Sonata quasi una fantasia'
  • No. 2: Piano Sonata No. 14 in C-sharp minor 'Sonata quasi una fantasia' ("Moonlight")

Opus 28: Piano Sonata No. 15 in D major ("Pastoral") (1801)

Opus 31: Three Piano Sonatas (1802)

  • No. 1: Piano Sonata No. 16 in G major
  • No. 2: Piano Sonata No. 17 in D minor ("Tempest")
  • No. 3: Piano Sonata No. 18 in E-flat major ("The Hunt")

Opus 49: Two Piano Sonatas (composed 1795–6, published 1805)

  • No. 1: Piano Sonata No. 19 in G minor
  • No. 2: Piano Sonata No. 20 in G major

Opus 53: Piano Sonata No. 21 in C major ("Waldstein") (1803)

  • WoO 57: Andante Favori — Original middle movement of the "Waldstein" sonata (1804)

Opus 54: Piano Sonata No. 22 in F major (1804)

Opus 57: Piano Sonata No. 23 in F minor ("Appassionata") (1805)

Opus 78: Piano Sonata No. 24 in F-sharp major ("A Thérèse") (1809)

Opus 79: Piano Sonata No. 25 in G major (1809)

Opus 81a: Piano Sonata No. 26 in E-flat major ("Les adieux/Das Lebewohl") (1810)

Opus 90: Piano Sonata No. 27 in E minor (1814)


Late Sonatas:

Opus 101: Piano Sonata No. 28 in A major (1816)

Opus 106: Piano Sonata No. 29 in B-flat major ("Hammerklavier") (1818)

Opus 109: Piano Sonata No. 30 in E major (1820)

Opus 110: Piano Sonata No. 31 in A-flat major (1821)

Opus 111: Piano Sonata No. 32 in C minor (1822)


Average Duration: 10-11 hours

Review:

Beethoven’s 32 piano sonatas, written over more than a quarter century, were not originally intended as “a meaningful whole,” WK but “as a set they compose one of the most important collections of works in the history of music. Hans von Bülow called them ‘The New Testament’ of music (Johann Sebastian Bach’s The Well-Tempered Clavier being ‘The Old Testament’).” WK

“Beethoven's piano sonatas came to be seen as the first cycle of major piano pieces suited to concert hall performance. Being suitable for both private and public performance, Beethoven’s sonatas form a bridge between the worlds of the salon and the concert hall.” WK

The sonatas have been grouped as the early sonatas (1-11), middle sonatas (12-27) and late sonatas (28-32). The early sonatas “were highly influenced by those of Haydn and Mozart.” WK His middle sonatas “are very different from his earlier ones;” WK “his experimentation in modifications to the common sonata form of Haydn and Mozart became more daring, as did the depth of expression.” WK The late sonatas comprise “some of today's most difficult repertoire. Yet again, his music found a new path, often incorporating fugal technique and displaying radical departure from conventional sonata form. The Hammerklavier was deemed to be Beethoven's most difficult sonata yet. In fact, it was considered unplayable until almost 15 years later, when Liszt played it in a concert.” WK

“In a single concert cycle, the whole 32 sonatas were first performed by Hans von Bülow. A number of other pianists have emulated this feat, including Artur Schnabel (the first since Bülow to play the complete cycle in concert from memory),” WK who was also the first pianist to make a complete recording of the sonatas. He recorded them between 1932 and 1935 for EMI. WK His recordings were inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame in 1975 and the Library of Congress’ National Recording Registry in 2018.


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Wednesday, March 14, 2018

Top 100 Country Albums of All Time

Originally posted on the DMDB Facebook page on 3/17/10.

Here is a list of the best country albums, according to Dave’s Music Database:

1. Johnny Cash...Live at Folsom Prison (1968)
2. Garth Brooks...No Fences (1990)
3. Shania Twain...Come on Over (1997)
4. Willie Nelson...Red Headed Stranger (1975)
5. Loretta Lynn…Van Lear Rose (2004)
6. Kenny Rogers…The Gambler (1978)
7. Various artists…O Brother, Where Art Thou? (soundtrack, 2000)
8. Garth Brooks...Ropin’ the Wind (1991)
9. Dixie Chicks...Home (2002)
10. Randy Travis…Always & Forever (1987)

11. Alabama…Mountain Music (1982)
12. LeAnn Rimes…Blue (1996)
13. Randy Travis…Storms of Life (1986)
14. Dixie Chicks...Wide Open Spaces (1998)
15. Ray Charles…Modern Sounds in Country and Western Music (1962)
16. Clint Black…Killin’ Time (1989)
17. Waylon Jennings…Honky Tonk Heroes (1973)
18. Nitty Gritty Dirt Band...Will the Circle Be Unbroken (1972)
19. Gram Parsons...Grievous Angel (1974)
20. Shania Twain...The Woman in Me (1995)

21. Carrie Underwood…Some Hearts (2005)
22. Dixie Chicks...Fly (1999)
23. Taylor Swift...Fearless (2008)
24. Johnny Cash...At San Quentin (1969)
25. Buck Owens…Carnegie Hall Concert (1966)
26. Alan Jackson…A Lot About Livin’ and a Little ‘Bout Love (1992)
27. Dwight Yoakam…Guitars, Cadillacs, Etc., Etc. (1986)
28. Dolly Parton…Coat of Many Colors (1971)
29. Miranda Lambert…Revolution (2009)
30. The Byrds...Sweetheart of the Rodeo (1968)

31. Johnny Cash...American Recordings (1994)
32. Kris Kristofferson…Kristofferson (1970)
33. Willie Nelson…Always on My Mind (1982)
34. Garth Brooks…In Pieces (1993)
35. Billy Ray Cyrus…Some Gave All (1992)
36. Lady Antebellum…Need You Now (2010)
37. George Jones…I Am What I Am (1980)
38. Hank Williams...40 Greatest Hits (compilation: 1947-53)
39. Tammy Wynette…Stand by Your Man (1969)
40. Tim McGraw…Not a Moment Too Soon (1994)

41. Chris Stapleton…Traveller (2015)
42. Taylor Swift…Taylor Swift (2006)
43. Gretchen Wilson…Here for the Party (2004)
44. Faith Hill…Breathe (1999)
45. Glen Campbell…Wichita Lineman (1968)
46. Dolly Parton, Linda Ronstadt, & Emmylou Harris…Trio (1987)
47. Garth Brooks…The Hits (compilation: 1989-1993)
48. Waylon Jennings…Greatest Hits (1979)
49. Garth Brooks…The Chase (1992)
50. Eric Church…Chief (2011)

51. Loretta Lynn…Coal Miner’s Daughter (1970)
52. Taylor Swift…Red (2012)
53. Randy Travis…Old 8 x 10 (1988)
54. Bob Dylan…Nashville Skyline (1969)
55. Marty Robbins…Gunfighter Ballads and Trail Songs (1959)
56. Lucinda Williams…Car Wheels on a Gravel Road (1998)
57. Emmylou Harris…Wrecking Ball (1995)
58. The Flying Burrito Brothers...The Gilded Palace of Sin (1969)
59. Deana Carter…Did I Shave My Legs for This? (1996)
60. Faith Hill…Faith (1998)

61. Garth Brooks…Sevens (1997)
62. John Denver…Back Home Again (1974)
63. Alabama…Feels So Right (1981)
64. Taylor Swift…Speak Now (2010)
65. Waylon Jennings…Ol’ Waylon (1977)
66. Kenny Rogers…Greatest Hits (1980)
67. Kenny Rogers…Kenny (1979)
68. Elvis Presley…Moody Blue (1977)
69. Tim McGraw…Greatest Hits (2000)
70. Garth Brooks...Double Live (1998)

71. Charlie Rich…Behind Closed Doors (1973)
72. Alabama…The Closer You Get (1983)
73. The Judds…Why Not Me (1985)
74. Emmylou Harris…Elite Hotel (1975)
75. Glen Campbell…Rhinestone Cowboy (1975)
76. Eddy Arnold…My World (1965)
77. Rosanne Cash…Seven Year Ache (1981)
78. Brad Paisley…Time Well Wasted (2005)
79. George Jones & Tammy Wynette…Golden Ring (1976)
80. Tammy Wynette…D-I-V-O-R-C-E (1968)

81. Patsy Cline…Showcase (1961)
82. Merle Haggard…Big City (1981)
83. Grateful Dead…Workingman’s Dead (1970)
84. Grateful Dead…American Beauty (1970)
85. George Strait…Blue Clear Sky (1996)
86. Buck Owens…I’ve Got a Tiger by the Tail (1965)
87. Waylon Jennings…The Ramblin’ Man (1974)
88. Emmylou Harris…Roses in the Snow (1980)
89. Johnny Cash…Unchained (1996)
90. Dolly Parton…The Grass Is Blue (1999)

91. Rascal Flatts…Me and My Gang (2006)
92. Dolly Parton…Little Sparrow (2001)
93. Whiskeytown…Stranger’s Almanac (1997)
94. Ween…12 Golden Country Classics (1996)
95. Garth Brooks…Garth Brooks (1989)
96. Gillian Welch…Revival (1996)
97. Johnny Cash…American Recordings III: Solitary Man (2000)
98. Lyle Lovett…Pontiac (1987)
99. The Highwaymen…Highwayman (1985)
100. Merle Haggard…I’m a Lonesome Fugitive (1967)


Saturday, March 3, 2018

March 3, 1875: Bizet's Carmen premiered

Last updated August 31, 2018.

Carmen

Georges Bizet (composer)


Composed: 1873-74


First Performance: March 3, 1875


Sales: --


Peak: 18 (UK)

Quotable: A “cornerstone item in any opera collection” – All Music Guide


Genre: classical > opera


Parts/Movements:

  1. No. 1, Prelude [Les Toréadors]

    Act I:

  2. No. 2, "Sur la place, chacun passe" (Soldats)
  3. No. 3, "Avec la garde montante" (Chorus des Gamins)
  4. No. 4a, "La Cloche a sonne, nous des ouvrieres" (Jeunes Gens) (Chrous of Cigarette Girls)
  5. No. 4b, "La voila! Voila la Carmencita!" (Tous)
  6. No. 5, "L'amour est un oiseau rebelle" (Habanera) (Carmen w/Chorus)
  7. No. 6, "Carmen! sur tes pas" (Les Jeunes Gens)
  8. No. 7, "Parle-moi de ma mere!" (Don Jose)
  9. No. 8, "Au secours!" (Chorus)
  10. No. 9, "Voyons, brigadier"
  11. No. 10a, "Pres des remparts de Seville" (Seguidilla) (Carmen)
  12. No. 10b, "Voice l'orde" (Zuniga)

    Act II:

  13. No. 11a, "Entr'acte" [Les Dragons d'Alcala]
  14. No. 11b, "Les tringles des sistres tintaient" (Gypsy Song) (Carmen)
  15. No. 11c, "Danse bohemienne"
  16. No. 11d, "Vous avez quelque chose"
  17. No. 12a, "Vivat, vivat le torero!" (Chorus)
  18. No. 12b, "Votre toast... je peux vous le rendre" (Toreador's Song) (Escamillo)
  19. No. 13, "Nous avons en tete une affaire!" (Dancaire)
  20. No. 14, "Halte-la! Qui va la?" (Don Jose)
  21. No. 15a, "Je vais danser en votre honneur" (Carmen)
  22. No. 15b, "Au quartier! pour l'appel" (Carmen)
  23. No. 15c, "La fleur que tu ma'vais jetee" (Flower Song) (Don Jose)
  24. No. 15d, "Non! tu ne ma'aimes pas!" (Carmen)
  25. No. 16, "Hola! Carmen!" (Zuniga)

    Act III:

  26. No. 17a, "Entr'acte" [Intermezzo]
  27. No. 17b, "Ecoute, compagnon, ecoute" (Les Contrebandiers)
  28. No. 17c, "Notre metier est bon" (Les Six)
  29. No. 18a, "Melons! Coupons!" (Card Scene) (Mercedes, Frasquita)
  30. No. 18b, "Voyons, que f'essaie a mon tour"
  31. No. 18c, "En vain, pour eviter les reponses ameres" (Carmen)
  32. No. 19, "Quant au douanier c'est notre affaire" (Carmen, Mercedes, Frasquita et Femmes)
  33. No. 20, "Je dis que rien ne m'epouvante" (Micaela's Aria) [Nocturne]
  34. No. 21, "Je suis Escamillo" (Escamillo)

    Act IV:

  35. No. 22a, "Entr'acte" [Aragonaise]
  36. No. 22b, "A deux cuartos!" (Chorus)
  37. No. 23, "Les voici, voici la quadrille" (Chorus) [Les Toréadors]
  38. No. 24, "Si tu m'aimes, Carmen" (Escamillo)
  39. No. 25, "C'est toi!", Final Duet (Carmen, Don Jose)

Average Duration: 148:50

Review:

Carmen is “one of the most popular and frequently performed operas in the classical canon.” WK Bizet based the four-act opera on a Prosper Mérimée novella of the same name with a libretto by Henri Meilhac and Ludovic Halévy. WK The four-act opera is “written in the genre of opéra comique with musical numbers separated by dialogue.” WK “The music of Carmen has since been widely acclaimed for brilliance of melody, harmony, atmosphere, and orchestration, and for the skill with which Bizet musically represented the emotions and suffering of his characters.” WK

The story, set in southern Spain, documents “the downfall of Don José, a naïve soldier who is seduced by…the fiery gypsy Carmen. José abandons his childhood sweetheart and deserts…yet loses Carmen…to the glamorous matador Escamillo, after which José kills her in a jealous rage.” WK

Initially, Parisian critics condemned the opera “for its overt sexuality and graphic final scene.” WK However, “the depictions of proletarian life, immorality, and lawlessness, and the tragic death of the main character on stage, broke new ground in French opera and were highly controversial.” WK Eventually, it “intrigued a number of sophisticated minds and ultimately reached the public in a way that perhaps no other opera has.” AMG “It is ironic that Bizet composed one of music’s most evocative landscapes of Spain without ever having been there.” AMG

It was first performed on March 3, 1875 at the Opéra-Comique in Paris. WK Bizet sadly died after the 33rd performance, missing the international acclaim it would achieve in the next decade.


Review Source(s):


Awards:


Related DMDB Link(s):


Thursday, March 1, 2018

March: Music Makers' Birthdays

Click on any date below to see music makers’ birthdays on that day. Click here to return to the main music makers’ birthday page. Note: Names listed in bold have had dates verified with at least two sources to (hopefully) ensure accuracy. Please email Dave’s Music Database with any corrections.

1 2 3 4 5 6 7
8 9 10 11 12 13 14
15 16 17 18 19 20 21
22 23 24 25 26 27 28
29 30 31 -- -- -- --

MARCH 1

  • Justin Bieber (1994). Canadian pop singer (“Baby”, “Boyfriend”).

  • Ke$ha (1987)

  • Nik Kershaw (1958). English musician (“The Riddle”).

  • Dave Marsh (1950). American music critic.

  • Tony Ashton (1946). English rock keyboardist and singer with Paice, Ashton & Lord.

  • Roger Daltrey (1944). English rock singer with The Who.

  • Mike D’Abo (1944). English rock singer with Manfred Mann.

  • Jerry Fisher (1943). Texas rock singer with Blood, Sweat & Tears.

  • Harry Belafonte (1927). American musician (“Banana Boat (Day O)”, 1956’s Calypso), actor, and social activitist.

  • Glenn Miller (1904). American bandleader (“In the Mood”). Died 12/15/1944.

  • Frédéric Chopin (or Fryderyk Franciszek Chopin) (1810). Polish classical pianist/composer in Romantic style. Died 10/17/1849.


    MARCH 2

  • Luke Pritchard (1985). Rock singer with the Kooks.

  • Chris Martin (1977). English rock singer with Coldplay (“Clocks”, “Viva la Vida”, 2002’s A Rush of Blood to the Head).

  • Jon Bon Jovi (1962). New Jersey rock singer with Bon Jovi (“Livin’ on a Prayer”, “You Give Love a Bad Name”). Born John Bongiovi.

  • Mark Evans (1956). Australian rock bassist with AC/DC from 1974-77.

  • Dale Bozzio (Missing Persons) (1955)

  • Jay Osmond (1955). Utah singer with family group The Osmonds.

  • Dave Farmer (1952). English drummer with Blackfoot Sue. Twin of Tom Farmer.

  • Tom Farmer (1952). English bassist, keyboardist, and vocalist with Blackfoot Sue. Twin of Dave Farmer.

  • Karen Carpenter (1950). Connecticut singer and drummer who formed the duo The Carpenters (“They Long to Be Close to You”, “We’ve Only Just Begun”) with her brother. Died 2/4/1983.

  • Rory Gallagher (1948). Irish guitarist (“Tattooed Lady”). Died 6/14/1995.

  • Lou Reed (1942). New York experimental-rock singer/songwriter and musician with the Velvet Underground (1967’s The Velvet Underground & Nico, 1968’s White Light/White Heat, 1969’s The Velvet Underground) and a solo artist (“Walk on the Wild Side”, 1972’s Transformer, 1973’s Berlin).

  • Dottie Rambo (1934). Gospel singer. Died 5/11/2008.

  • Kurt Weill (1900). Composer.

  • Bedrich Smetana (1824). Czech composer.


    MARCH 3

  • Ronan Keating (Boyzone) (1977)

  • John Bigham (Fishbone) (1969)

  • Tone-Loc (1966)

  • Merrick (1954). English drummer with Adam & the Ants. Born Chris Hughes.

  • Robyn Hitchcock (1953). English singer/songwriter.

  • Blue Weaver (1949). English keyboardist with Amen Corner. Born Derek Weaver.

  • Dave Mount (1947). English drummer and vocalist with Mud.

  • Jennifer Warnes (1947). American singer/songwriter (“Right Time of the Night”, “Up Where We Belong”).

  • Jance Garfat (Dr. Hook) (1944)

  • Mike Pender (1942). English guitarist and vocalist with The Searchers. Born Michael Pendergrast.

  • Junior Parker (1927). Arkansas R&B/blues musician born Herman Parker. Died 11/8/1971.

  • Doc Watson (1923). Singer/guitarist.


    MARCH 4

  • Fergal Lawlor (The Cranberries) (1971)

  • Patsy Kensit (1968). English actress and musician in Eighth Wonder.

  • Patrick Hannan (1966) Musician with The Sundays.

  • Jason Newsted (1963). Rock bassist with Metallica.

  • Boon Gould (Level 42) (1955)

  • Emilio Estefan, Jr. (1953). Cuban producer.

  • Chris Rea (1951). English rock musician (“Fool (If You Think It’s Over)”).

  • Chris Squire (1948). Rock bassist and co-founder of Yes (1971’s Fragile).

  • Shakin’ Stevens (1948). Welsh singer/songwriter “(This Ole House”). Born Michael Barratt.

  • Bobby Womack (1944). Ohio R&B singer/songwriter (“It’s All Over Now”) and musician.

  • Miriam Makeba (1932). South African singer.

  • Antonio Vivaldi (1678). Austrian composer (The Four Seasons). Died 7/28/1741.


    MARCH 5

  • Kevin Connolly (1974). Singer/songwriter.

  • John Frusciante (1970). Alternative-rock guitarist with the Red Hot Chili Peppers (1991’s Blood Sugar Sex Magik).

  • Craig Reid & Charlie Reid (Proclaimers) (1962)

  • David Tibet (1960). Musician.

  • Andy Gibb (1958). English pop singer (“I Just Want to Be Your Everything”, “Shadow Dancing”). Died 3/10/1988.

  • Mark E. Smith (1957). Rock singer/songwriter with The Fall.

  • Teena Marie (1956). American R&B singer/songwriter.

  • Alan Clark (1952). Rock keyboardist with Dire Straits (1985’s Brothers in Arms).

  • Eddy Grant (1948). Guyana reggae singer (“Electric Avenue”).

  • Murray Head (1946). English singer (“One Night in Bangkok”).

  • Ben Selvin (1898). American bandleader (“Forever Blowing Bubbles”, “Dardanella”, “Chicago (That Toddlin’ Town)”, “Manhattan”, “Blue Skies”, “Happy Days Are Here Again”). Died 7/15/1980.

  • Heitor Villa-Lobos (1887). Composer.


    MARCH 6

  • Bubba Sparxxx (1977)

  • Beanie Sigel (1974). Rapper.

  • Tone Loc (1966). Rapper.

  • Kiki Dee (1947). English singer (“Don’t Go Breaking My Heart” with Elton John). Born Pauline Matthews.

  • David Gilmour (1946). English rock singer and guitarist with Pink Floyd.

  • Hugh Grundy (The Zombies) (1945)

  • Kiri Te Kanawa (1944). New Zealand soprano.

  • Mary Wilson (1944). R&B/pop singer with The Supremes (“Where Did Our Love Go”, “Baby Love”, “Stop! In the Name of Love”).

  • Lorin Maazel (1930). Music director of the New York Philharmonic.

  • Sarah Caldwell (1924). American opera conductor. Died 3/23/2006.

  • Wes Montgomery (1923). American jazz guitarist. Died 6/15/1968.

  • Bob Wills (1905). American country songwriter and bandleader (“New San Antonio Rose”). Called “The King of Western Swing.” Born James Robert Wills. Died 5/13/1975.


    MARCH 7

  • Paul Cattermole (1977). Member of the British pop group S Club 7.

  • Randy Guss (Toad The Wet Sprocket) (1967)

  • Denyce Graves (1965). American opera singer.

  • Taylor Dayne (1962)

  • Jules Shear (1952). Musician.

  • Matthew Fisher (1946). English rock keyboardist with Procol Harum.

  • Peter Wolf (1946). Rock singer with J. Geils Band (“Centerfold”). Born Peter W. Blankfield.

  • Arthur Lee (1945). American rock singer/songwriter and musician with Love (1967’s Forever Changes).

  • Chris White (The Zombies) (1943)

  • Danyel Gerard (1941). Brazilian musician (“Butterfly”). Born Gerard Daniel Kherlakian.

  • Maurice Ravel (1875). French composer (“Bolero”). Died 1937.


    MARCH 8

  • Bob, Clint, and Dave Moffatt (1984). Triplets in Canadian pop group the Moffatts.

  • Kameelah Williams (702) (1978)

  • Shawn Mullins (1968)

  • Peter Gill (1964) Musician with Frankie Goes To Hollywood.

  • Gary Numan (1958). English singer with Tubeway Army. Also a solo artist (“Cars”).

  • Mel Galley (1948) Musician with Whitesnake.

  • Carole Bayer Sager (1947). American songwriter (Dionne & Friends’ “That’s What Friends Are For”).

  • Michael Allsup (Three Dog Knight) (1947)

  • Randy Meisner (1946). Nebraska country-rock bassist and singer with Poco and The Eagles.

  • Mickey Dolenz (1945). American singer, drummer, and actor with pop-rock group the Monkees (“I’m a Believer”).

  • Ralph Ellis (1942). English guitarist and vocalist with The Swinging Blue Jeans.

  • Christian Wolff (1934). American composer of experimental classical music.

  • Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach (1714). German classical composer and pianist. Died 12/14/1788.


    MARCH 9

  • Bow Wow (1987). Rapper.

  • Chingy (1980). American rapper (“Right Thurr”).

  • Robert Sledge (Ben Folds Five) (1968)

  • Martin Fry (1958). English singer with ABC (“The Look of Love”, “Be Near Me”, “When Smokey Sings”).

  • Jeffrey Osborne (1948). American R&B singer/songwriter and musician.

  • Robin Trower (1945). English rock guitarist with Procol Harum.

  • John Cale (1942). Welsh experimental-rock singer/songwriter and multi-instrumentalist who was a founding member of the Velvet Underground (1967’s The Velvet Underground & Nico, 1968’s White Light/White Heat) and later a solo artist (Paris 1919). Also a producer (The Stooges’ 1969 album The Stooges, Patti Smith’s Horses, The Modern Lovers’ (1976’s (The Modern Lovers).

  • Mark Lindsay (1942> American singer with Paul Revere & Raiders.

  • Mickey Gilley (1936). Country singer.

  • Lloyd Price (1933). Louisiana R&B singer (“Lawdy Miss Clawdy”, “Stagger Lee”, “Personality”).

  • Keely Smith (1932). Jazz singer known as the “Queen of Swing.” Wife of musician Louis Prima.

  • Ornette Coleman (1930). American jazz saxophonist, violinist, trumpeter, and composer.

  • Samuel Barber (1910). Classical composer (“Adagio for Strings”). Died 1981.


    MARCH 10

  • Carrie Underwood (1983). American country singer (“Before He Cheats”, “Jesus, Take the Wheel”, 2005’s Some Hearts); winner of TV’s American Idol in 2005.

  • Robin Thicke (1977). Singer.

  • Timbaland (1971). Music producer born Timothy Zachery Mosley.

  • Haifa Wehbe (1970). Singer.

  • Edie Brickell (1966)

  • Neneh Cherry (1964). Female Swedish rap singer (“Buffalo Stance”). Born Neneh Mariann Karlsson.

  • Jeff Ament (1963). Rock musician with Pearl Jam and Temple of the Dog.

  • Rick Rubin (1963). American record producer (Run-D.M.C.’s 1986 Raising Hell, Beastie Boys’ 1986 Licensed to Ill, Public Enemy’s 1988 It Takes a Nation of Millions to Hold Us Back, Red Hot Chili Peppers’ 1991 Blood Sugar Sex Magik, Johnny Cash’s 1994 American Recordings).

  • Tina Charles (1955). English singer with 5000 Volts (“I’m on Fire”). Also a solo artist (“I Love to Love”). Born Tina Hoskins.

  • Tom Scholz (1947). American rock guitarist/songwriter for Boston (“More Than a Feeling”, 1976’s Boston, 1978’s Don’t Look Back).

  • Dean Torrence (1941). Singer from Jan & Dean.

  • Jethro (1923). American musician in duo Homer & Jethro. Born Kenneth C. Burns. Died 4/2/1989.

  • Leon Bismark “Bix” Beiderbecke (1903). American jazz cornetist, pianist, and composer. Died 8/6/1931.


    MARCH 11

  • LeToya Luckett (1981). Early member of R&B/pop group Destiny’s Child.

  • Paul Wall (1981). Rapper.

  • Benji and Joel Madden (1979). Rock musicians in Good Charlotte.

  • Lisa Loeb (1968)

  • Bruce Watson (1961). Canadian rock guitarist with Big Country (“In a Big Country”).

  • Mike Percy (Dead Or Alive) (1961)

  • Cheryl Lynn (1957)

  • Nina Hagen (1955)

  • Bobby McFerrin (1950). Singer/musician (“Don’t Worry Be Happy”).

  • George Kooymans (Golden Earring) (1948)

  • Lawrence Welk (1903). South Dakota bandleader and host of own music TV show. Died 5/17/1992.


    MARCH 12

  • Frank Catalono (1978). Jazz saxophonist.

  • Graham Coxon (1969). German/English guitarist, saxophonist, and vocalist with Blur (1994’s Parklife).

  • Marlon Jackson (1957). Indiana musician with his brothers in The Jackson 5 (“ABC”, “The Love You Save”, “I Want You Back”, “I’ll Be There”).

  • Steve Harris (Iron Maiden) (1957)

  • Mike Gibbins (1949). Welsh drummer with Badfinger.

  • Les Holroyd (1948). English bassist and singer with Barclay James Harvest.

  • James Taylor (1948). Massachussetts pop/folk singer/songwriter (“You’ve Got a Friend”, “Fire and Rain”).

  • Liza Minnelli (1946). Singer and actress in Cabaret. Daughter of Judy Garland.

  • Al Jarreau (1940). Jazz/R&B singer.

  • Leonard Chess (1917). Polish record executive. Died 10/16/1969.

  • Paul Weston (1912). American jazz big band leader. Born Paul Weststein. Died 9/20/1996.


    MARCH 13

  • Common (1978)

  • Adam Clayton (1960). Irish rock bassist with U2.

  • Candi Staton (1940). Alabama musician (“Young Hearts Run Free”).

  • Neil Sedaka (1939). New York pop singer/composer (“Breaking Up Is Hard to Do”).

  • Mike Stoller (1933). American rock songwriter, usually with Jerry Leiber (Elvis Presley’s “Hound Dog” and “Jailhouse Rock”, the Coasters’ “Searchin’”, Wilbert Harrison’s “Kansas City”, the Drifters’ “On Broadway”).

  • Sammy Kaye (1910). American bandleader. Died 6/2/1987.

  • Hugo Wolf (1860). Composer.


    MARCH 14

  • Colby O’Donis (1989). Singer (on Lady Gaga’s “Just Dance”).

  • Taylor Hanson (1983). Pop singer/keyboardist in group Hanson (“Mmmbop”) with brothers.

  • Kristian Bush (Sugarland) (1970)

  • Michael Bland (Soul Asylum) (1969)

  • Billy Sherwood (1965). Musician.

  • Jim Pons (1943). California rock bassist with The Turtles.

  • Quincy Jones (1933). American R&B/jazz musician and producer (Michael Jackson’s 1982’s Thriller).

  • Dieter Schnebel (1930). Composer.

  • Les Baxter (1922). Texas jazz/ big band leader. Died 1/15/1996.

  • Les Brown (1912). American big band leader and composer (“Sentimental Journey”). Died 1/4/2001.

  • Johann Strauss, Sr. (1804). Composer.

  • Georg Philipp Telemann (1681). Composer.


    MARCH 15

  • Sid Wilson (1978). Musician.

  • Joseph Hahn (1977). DJ with rap-rock group Linkin Park (2000’s Hybrid Theory).

  • will.i.am (1975). Hip-hop artist with Black Eyed Peas (“I Gotta Feeling”, “Boom Boom Pow”).

  • Mark Hoppus (1972). Pop-punk bassist with Blink-182.

  • Mark McGrath (Sugar Ray) (1968)

  • Rockwell (1964)

  • Bret Michaels (Poison) (1963)

  • Steve McCoy (Dead Or Alive) (1962)

  • Terence Trent D’Arby (1962). New York R&B singer/songwriter (“Wishing Well”, “Sign Your Name”, Introducing the Hardline…). Born Terence Trent Howard. Later changed his name to Sananda Maitreya.

  • Dee Snider (1955). Rock singer with Twisted Sister (“We’re Not Gonna Take It”).

  • Ryland Peter “Ry” Cooder (1947). California singer/songwriter and guitarist.

  • Howard Scott (War) (1946)

  • Sylvester “Sly Stone” Stewart (1944). R&B musician with Sly & the Family Stone (“Everyday People”, “Family Affair”, 1969’s Stand!, 1971 There’s a Riot Goin’ On).

  • Jerry Jeff Walker (1942)

  • Mike Love (1941). California singer and saxophonist with the Beach Boys (“Good Vibrations”, Pet Sounds).

  • Phil Lesh (1940). American rock bassist and singer with the Grateful Dead.

  • Carl Smith (1927). American country singer. Died 1/16/2010.

  • Harry James (1916). American jazz trumpeter and bandleader (“I’ve Heard That Song Before”, “All or Nothing at All”, “I’ll Get By As Long As I Have You”). Died 7/5/1983.

  • Lightnin’ Hopkins (1912). Texas blues singer/songwriter and guitarist. Born Sam Hopkins. Died 1/30/1982.


    MARCH 16

  • Swift (1976). Rapper.

  • Stewart Kerr (Texas) (1963)

  • Flavor Flav (1959). Rapper with Public Enemy (1988’s It Takes a Nation of Millions to Hold Us Back, 1990’s Fear of a Black Planet).

  • Nancy Wilson (1954). Fronted rock group Heart (“Alone”, “Barracuda”) with sister Ann.

  • Michael Bruce (1948). California guitarist and vocalist (Billion Dollar Babies).

  • Jerry Jeff Walker (1942). New York composer (“Mr. Bojangles”). Born Paul Crosby.

  • Tommy Flanagan (1930). Michigan jazz pianist. Died 11/16/2001.


    MARCH 17

  • Caroline Corr (1973). Irish drummer with the Corrs.

  • Melissa Auf Der Maur (1972). Canadian bassist with Hole and Smashing Pumpkins.

  • Gene Ween (1970). Singer/songwriter.

  • Billy Corgan (1967). American rock singer/songwriter and guitarist with the Smashing Pumpkins (Siamese Dream, Mellon Collie and the Infinite Sadness).

  • Clare Grogan (1962). Scottish singer with Altered Images.

  • Mike Kindup (Level 42) (1959)

  • Wally Stocker (1954). English guitarist with The Babys.

  • Scott Gorham (Thin Lizzy) (1951)

  • Fran Byrne (1948). Irish drummer (Bees Make Honey, Ace).

  • Harold Brown (War) (1946)

  • John Sebastian (1944). New York rock singer/songwriter with the Lovin’ Spoonful (“Do You Believe in Magic?”).

  • Clarence Clemons (1941)

  • Paul Kantner (1941). California rock singer/songwriter/guitarist with Jefferson Airplane (“White Rabbit”, 1967’s Surrealistic Pillow).

  • Zola Taylor (1938). Singer.

  • Nat “King” Cole (1919). Alabama traditional pop/jazz singer (“The Christmas Song”, “Mona Lisa”, “Unforgettable”). Born Nathaniel Adams Cole. Died 2/15/1965.

  • Alfred Newman (1900). American musical theater composer. Died 2/17/1970.


    MARCH 18

  • Adam Levine (1979). Rock singer/guitarist with Maroon 5 (“This Love”, “She Will Be Loved”, “Makes Me Wonder”).

  • Devin Lima (1977). Member of pop group LFO (“Summer Girls”).

  • Stuart Zender (Jamiroquai) (1974)

  • Queen Latifah (1970). Rapper and actress (Chicago).

  • Jerry Cantrell (1966). Washington rock guitarist with Alice in Chains.

  • Vanessa Williams (1963). R&B singer (“Save the Best for Last”) and actress. Former Miss America.

  • Jeff LeBar (Cinderella) (1963)

  • Irene Cara (1959). R&B/pop singer (“Flashdance…What a Feeling”, “Fame”).

  • John Hartman (Doobie Brothers) (1950)

  • B.J. Wilson (1947). English rock drummer with Procol Harum. Born Barrie James Wilson. Died 10/8/1990.

  • Eric Woolfson (1945). Scottish singer/songwriter/musician/co-founder of the Alan Parsons Project (“Eye in the Sky”, “Games People Play”). Died 12/2/2009.

  • Wilson Pickett (1941). Alabama R&B/soul singer (“In the Midnight Hour”). Died 1/19/2006.

  • Charley Pride (1938). American country singer.

  • John Kander (1927). American songwriter.

  • George Olsen (1893). American jazz bandleader. Died 3/18/1971.


    MARCH 19

  • Derek Longmuir (1955). Scottish drummer with Bay City Rollers.

  • Billy Sheehan (1953). Bassist.

  • Paul Atkinson (The Zombies) (1946)

  • Ruth Pointer (1946). California R&B singer with The Pointer Sisters (“Slow Hand”, “Fire”, “I’m So Excited”).

  • Jeff Neighbor (1942). Washington bassist and trombonist with Joy of Cooking.

  • Clarence “Frogman” Henry (1937)

  • Lennie Tristano (1919). Illinois jazz pianist. Died 11/18/1978.

  • Max Reger (1873). German composer. Died 5/11/1916.


    MARCH 20

  • Nick Wheeler (1982). Rock guitarist in the All-American Rejects.

  • Chester Bennington 1976. Rap-rock singer with Linkin Park (“In the End”, 2000’s Hybrid Theory, 2003’s Meteora).

  • Slim Jim Phantom (1961). Rock musician with the Stray Cats (“Rock This Town”).

  • Jimmy Vaughan (1951). American blues-rock guitarist with the Fabulous Thunderbirds. Brother of blues-rock guitarist Stevie Ray Vaughan.

  • Carl Palmer (1947). English rock drummer with Emerson, Lake & Palmer (“Lucky Man”) and Asia (“Heat of the Moment”, 1982’s Asia).

  • Jerry Reed (1937). American country singer/songwriter born Jerry Reed Hubbard. Died 9/1/2008.

  • Lee “Scratch” Perry (1936). Jamaican reggae and dub musician and producer. Born Rainford Hugh Perry.

  • Sister Rosetta Tharpe (1915). American gospel/blues guitarist and singer (“Down by the Riverside”, “This Train”). Born Rosetta Nubin.

  • Oswald George “Ozzie” Nelson (1906). American actor and jazz bandleader. Died 6/3/1975.


    MARCH 21

  • Deryck Whibley (1980). Musician.

  • Andrew Copeland (Sister Hazel) (1968)

  • Jonas “Joker” Berggren (1967). Swedish keyboardist with Ace of Base (“All That She Wants”, “The Sign”).

  • MC Maxim (Prodigy) (1967)

  • Sean Dickson (Soup Dragons) (1967)

  • Nobuo Uematsu (1959). Composer.

  • Conrad Lozano (Los Lobos) (1951)

  • Russell Thompkins, Jr. (1951). Philadelphia singer with The Stylistics.

  • Roger Hodgson (1950). British rock singer and founder of Supertramp. Born Charles Roger Pomfret Hodgson.

  • Eddie Money (1949). Rock singer (“Two Tickets to Paradise”, “Take Me Home Tonight”).

  • Ray Dorset (1946). English singer with Mungo Jerry (“In the Summertime”).

  • Rosemary Stone (1945). R&B musician with Sly & the Family Stone (1969’s Stand!).

  • Vivian Stanshall (1943). English singer with The Bonzo Dog Doo-Dah Band. Died 3/5/1995.

  • Solomon Burke (1940). American R&B singer.

  • Otis Spann (1930). Mississippi blues pianist. Died 4/24/1970.

  • Son House (1902). Blues guitarist and singer.

  • Modest Mussorgsky (1839). Composer (Pictures at an Exhibition).

  • Johann Sebastian Bach (1685). German Baroque composer (Brandenburg Concertos, St. Matthew Passion, Goldberg Variations). Died 7/28/1750.


    MARCH 22

  • Stephanie Mills (1957). R&B singer and actress (Broadway’s The Wiz).

  • Andrew Lloyd Webber (1948). Musical theater composer (Cats, 1986’s Phantom of the Opera).

  • Patrick Olive (1947). Grenadan guitarist and percussionist with Hot Chocolate.

  • George Benson (1943). Philadelphia R&B/jazz singer/guitarist.

  • Keith Relf (1943). English rock singer with The Yardbirds (“For Your Love”). Died 3/22/1943.

  • Stephen Sondheim (1930). Musical theater composer (1957’s West Side Story, 1959’s Gypsy).

  • Sonny Burke (1914). Pennsylvania jazz/big band leader. Died 5/31/1980.


    MARCH 23

  • Damon Albarn (1968). English Brit-pop singer/songwriter with Blur (1994’s Parklife, “Song 2”) and Gorillaz (“Feel Good Inc.”).

  • Marti Pellow (1966). Musician with Wet Wet Wet.

  • Chaka Khan (1953). Illinois R&B singer with Rufus. Also a solo artist (“I Feel for You”). Born Yvette Marie Stevens.

  • Ric Ocasek (1949). American rock singer who fronted The Cars (“Just What I Needed”, “My Best Friend’s Girl”, 1978’s The Cars). Born Richard Otcasek.

  • Artie Shaw (1910). American jazz clarinetist and bandleader (“Begin the Beguine”, “Frenesi”, “Star Dust”, “Dancing in the Dark”) born Arthur Arshawsky. Died 12/30/2004.


    MARCH 24

  • Sharon Corr (1970). Violinist with siblings in the Corrs.

  • Mase (1970). Rapper.

  • Nena (1960). German pop singer (“99 Red Balloons”).

  • Nick Lowe (1949). British singer/songwriter and bassist (Brinsley Schwarz, Rockpile, solo), and producer.

  • Billy Stewart (1937). Washington D.C. musician (“Summertime”). Died 1/17/1970.


    MARCH 25

  • Melanie Blatt (All Saints) (1975)

  • Steve Norman (Spandau Ballet) (1960)

  • Paul Miles (1952). American singer/guitarist known as “The Blues Man.”

  • Maizie Wiliams (1951). West Indian singer with Boney M.

  • Neil Jones (1949). Welsh guitarist with Amen Corner.

  • Elton John (1947). English singer/songwriter and pianist (“Your Song”, “Candle in the Wind 1997”) born Reginald Kenneth Dwight.

  • Aretha Franklin (1942). Tennessee R&B singer (“Respect”, “You Make Me Feel Like a Natural Woman”) known as “The Queen of Soul.”

  • Anita Bryant (1940).

  • Hoyt Axton (1938). American country singer and songwriter (Three Dog Night’s “Joy to the World”). Died 10/26/1999.

  • Johnny Burnette (1934). Tennessee singer (“You’re Sixteen”). Died 8/15/1964.

  • Béla Bartók (1881). Hungarian classical composer and pianist. Died 9/26/1945.

  • Arturo Toscanini (1867). Russian violinist, conductor (NBC orchestra), and composer. Brought classical music to radio. Died 1/16/1957.


    MARCH 26

  • Jay Sean (1981)

  • Juvenile (1975)

  • James Iha (1968). American guitarist with Smashing Pumpkins.

  • Kenny Chesney (1968). Country singer.

  • Billy Lyall (1953). Scottish keyboardist, flautist, and vocalist with Pilot. Died 1989.

  • Teddy Pendergrass (1950). Pennsylvania R&B singer with Harold Melvin & The Blue Notes.

  • Richard Tandy (ELO) (1948)

  • Steven Tyler (1948). New York rock singer with Aerosmith (“Dream On”, “Walk This Way”). Born Steven Victor Tallarico.

  • Fran Sheehan (Boston) (1946)

  • Diana Ross (1944). Michigan R&B/pop singer with The Supremes (“Where Did Our Love Go”, “Baby Love”, “Stop! In the Name of Love”, “You Can’t Hurry Love”, “You Keep Me Hangin’ On”) and later a solo act (“Ain’t No Mountain High Enough”, “Upside Down”, “Endless Love”).


    MARCH 27

  • Stacy “Fergie” Ferguson (1975). Pop singer with Black Eyed Peas (“My Humps”) and a solo act (“Big Girls Don’t Cry”).

  • Mariah Carey (1970). New York pop/R&B singer (“Vision of Love”, “One Sweet Day”, “We Belong Together”).

  • Brendan Hill (1970). Rock musician with Blues Traveler.

  • Johnny April (Staind) (1965)

  • Derrick McKenzie (Jamiroquai) (1964)

  • Xuxa (1963). Brazilian TV star, singer, dancer, and model.

  • Kid Congo Powers (1961). California guitarist with Nick Cave & The Bad Seeds. Born Brian Tristan.

  • Andrew Farris (1959). Australian rock keyboardist with INXS (“Need You Tonight”, “What You Need”).

  • Billy MacKenzie (1957). Scottish singer with The Associates. Died 1/22/1997.

  • Tony Banks (1950). Prog-rock keyboardist with Genesis (1973’s Selling England by the Pound, 1974’s The Lamb Lies Down on Broadway, 1986’s Invisible Touch).

  • Sarah Vaughan (1924). New Jersey jazz singer (“Tenderly”), Died 4/3/1990.

  • Robert Lockwood, Jr. (1915). Arkansas blues guitarist. Died 11/21/2006.

  • Moon Mullican (1909). Texas musician known as “The King of Hillbilly Piano”. Born Aubrey Mullican. Died 1/1/1967.

  • Leroy Carr (1905). Tennessee blues singer. Died 4/29/1935.

  • Hal Kemp (1904). American bandleader, saxophonist, clarinetist, and composer. Died 12/21/1940.


    MARCH 28

  • Lady Gaga (1986). American dance-pop singer (“Just Dance”, “Poker Face”, 2008’s The Fame) born Stefani Joanne Angelina Germanotta.

  • Scott Mills (1974). BBC radio disc jockey.

  • James Atkins (EMF) (1967)

  • Reba McEntire (1955). Oklahoma country singer.

  • John Evans (1948). Musician with Jethro Tull (1971’s Aqualung).

  • Milan Williams (1948). Mississippi keyboardist, trombonist, guitarist, and drummer with The Jays and The Commodores. Died 7/9/2006.

  • Sally Carr (1945). Scottish singer with Middle of the Road.

  • Chuck Portz (1945). California bassist with The Turtles.

  • Bill Gaither (1936). Gospel singer.

  • Thad Jones (1923). American trumpeter and composer born Thaddeus Joseph Jones. Died 8/20/1986.

  • Rudolf Serkin (1903). Bohemian pianist. Died 5/8/1991.

  • Paul Whiteman (1890). American bandleader. Died 12/29/1967.

    MARCH 29

  • John Popper (Blues Traveler) (1967)

  • Perry Farrell (1959). American rock singer with Jane’s Addiction. Born Perry Bernstein.

  • Bobby Kimball (Toto) (1947)

  • Terry Jacks (1946). Canadian singer (“Seasons in the Sun”).

  • Billy Thorpe (1946). Musician.

  • Vangelis (1943). Greek composer (“Chariots of Fire”) born Evangelos Papathanassiou.

  • Chad Allan (Guess Who) (1943)

  • Pearl Bailey (1918). American big band singer. Died 8/17/1990.

  • William Walton (1902). Composer.


    MARCH 30

  • Scott Moffatt (1983). Member of Canadian pop group the Moffatts.

  • Norah Jones (1979). Adult contemporary/jazz singer (Come Away with Me).

  • Adam Goldstein (1973). DJ.

  • Celine Dion (1968). Canadian pop singer (“My Heart Will Go On”, “Because You Loved Me”).

  • Tracy Chapman (1964). Ohio contemporary folk singer/songwriter (“Fast Car”, “Give Me One Reason”).

  • MC Hammer (1962). Rapper (“U Can’t Touch This”) born Stanley Kirk Burrell.

  • Randy Warmer (1955). Musician.

  • Dave Ball (Procol Harum) (1950)

  • Re Styles (1950). Vocalist with The Tubes.

  • Jim “Dandy” Mangrum (1948). Arkansas singer with Black Oak Arkansas.

  • Eric Clapton (1945). English rock guitarist/singer with several acclaimed groups, including Cream (“Sunshine of Your Love”, “White Room”, 1967’s Disraeli Gears), Derek and the Dominos (“Layla”), Blind Faith (“Can’t Find My Way Home”), and successful with a solo career (“Tears in Heaven”, “Wonderful Tonight”). Born Eric Clapp.

  • Graeme Edge (1941). English progressive-rock drummer with the Moody Blues (1967’s Days of Future Passed).

  • Astrud Gilberto (1940). Brazilian bossa nova singer (“The Girl from Ipanema”).

  • Rolf Harris (1930). Australian entertainer (“Tie Me Kangaroo Down, Sport”).

  • Sonny Boy Williamson #1 (1914). Tennessee blues musician born John Lee Williamson. Died 6/1/1948.

  • Frankie Laine (1913). Singer (“Mule Train”). Died 2/6/2007.


    MARCH 31

  • Tony Yayo (1978). Rapper.

  • Robert Holmes ('til tuesday) (1959)

  • Pat McGlynn (Bay City Rollers) (1958)

  • Angus Young (1955). Scottish-born Australian rock guitarist/songwriter and co-founder of >AC/DC (1980’s Back in Black).

  • Tony Brock (1954). English rock drummer with The Babys.

  • Sean Hopper (1953). Rock musician with Huey Lewis & the News (1983’s Sports).

  • Don Hume (1950). English bassist with Arrival.

  • Al Goodman (Ray, Goodman & Brown) (1947)

  • Al Nichol (1946). North Carolina guitarist, pianist, and vocalist with The Turtles.

  • Mick Ralphs (1944). English rock guitarist with Mott the Hoople and Bad Company. Born Michael Jeffrey Ralphs.

  • Herb Alpert (1935). Producer, composer, trumpeter, and bandleader (“The Lonely Bull”, “Taste of Honey”, “This Guy’s in Love with You”, “Rise”).

  • Shirley Jones (1934). Singer and actress (TV’s The Partridge Family).

  • Lefty Frizzell (1928). Texas country singer. Born William Orville Frizzell. Died 7/19/1975.

  • Red Norvo (1908). American jazz bandleader. Died 4/6/1999.

  • Joseph Haydn (1732). Austrian classical composer and pianist. Died 5/31/1809.


    This page last updated June 7, 2013.